c++: argument pack expansion inside constraint [PR100138]

Message ID 20210507163359.3079556-1-ppalka@redhat.com
State New
Headers show
Series
  • c++: argument pack expansion inside constraint [PR100138]
Related show

Commit Message

Jonathan Wakely via Gcc-patches May 7, 2021, 4:33 p.m.
This PR is about CTAD but the underlying problems are more general;
CTAD is a good trigger for them because of the necessary substitution
into constraints that deduction guide generation entails.

In the testcase below, when generating the implicit deduction guide for
the constrained constructor template for A, we substitute the generic
flattening map 'tsubst_args' into the constructor's constraints.  During
this substitution, tsubst_pack_expansion returns a rebuilt pack
expansion for sizeof...(xs), but it's neglecting to carry over the
PACK_EXPANSION_LOCAL_P (and PACK_EXPANSION_SIZEOF_P) flag from the
original tree to the rebuilt one.  The flag is otherwise unset on the
original tree[1] but set for the rebuilt tree from make_pack_expansion
only because we're doing the CTAD at function scope (inside main).  This
leads us to crash when substituting into the pack expansion during
satisfaction because we don't have local_specializations set up (it'd be
set up for us if PACK_EXPANSION_LOCAL_P is unset)

Similarly, when substituting into a constraint we need to set
cp_unevaluated since constraints are unevaluated operands.  This avoids
a crash during CTAD for C below.

[1]: Although the original pack expansion is in a function context, I
guess it makes sense that PACK_EXPANSION_LOCAL_P is unset for it because
we can't rely on local specializations (which are formed when
substituting into the function declaration) during satisfaction.

Bootstrapped and regtested on x86_64-pc-linux-gnu, also tested on
cmcstl2 and range-v3, does this look OK for trunk?

gcc/cp/ChangeLog:

	PR c++/100138
	* constraint.cc (tsubst_constraint): Set up cp_unevaluated.
	(satisfy_atom): Set up iloc_sentinel before calling
	cxx_constant_value.
	* pt.c (tsubst_pack_expansion): When returning a rebuilt pack
	expansion, carry over PACK_EXPANSION_LOCAL_P and
	PACK_EXPANSION_SIZEOF_P from the original pack expansion.

gcc/testsuite/ChangeLog:

	PR c++/100138
	* g++.dg/cpp2a/concepts-ctad4.C: New test.
---
 gcc/cp/constraint.cc                        |  6 ++++-
 gcc/cp/pt.c                                 |  2 ++
 gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp2a/concepts-ctad4.C | 25 +++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 32 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
 create mode 100644 gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp2a/concepts-ctad4.C

-- 
2.31.1.442.g7e39198978

Comments

Jonathan Wakely via Gcc-patches May 8, 2021, 12:41 p.m. | #1
On 5/7/21 12:33 PM, Patrick Palka wrote:
> This PR is about CTAD but the underlying problems are more general;

> CTAD is a good trigger for them because of the necessary substitution

> into constraints that deduction guide generation entails.

> 

> In the testcase below, when generating the implicit deduction guide for

> the constrained constructor template for A, we substitute the generic

> flattening map 'tsubst_args' into the constructor's constraints.  During

> this substitution, tsubst_pack_expansion returns a rebuilt pack

> expansion for sizeof...(xs), but it's neglecting to carry over the

> PACK_EXPANSION_LOCAL_P (and PACK_EXPANSION_SIZEOF_P) flag from the

> original tree to the rebuilt one.  The flag is otherwise unset on the

> original tree[1] but set for the rebuilt tree from make_pack_expansion

> only because we're doing the CTAD at function scope (inside main).  This

> leads us to crash when substituting into the pack expansion during

> satisfaction because we don't have local_specializations set up (it'd be

> set up for us if PACK_EXPANSION_LOCAL_P is unset)

> 

> Similarly, when substituting into a constraint we need to set

> cp_unevaluated since constraints are unevaluated operands.  This avoids

> a crash during CTAD for C below.

> 

> [1]: Although the original pack expansion is in a function context, I

> guess it makes sense that PACK_EXPANSION_LOCAL_P is unset for it because

> we can't rely on local specializations (which are formed when

> substituting into the function declaration) during satisfaction.

> 

> Bootstrapped and regtested on x86_64-pc-linux-gnu, also tested on

> cmcstl2 and range-v3, does this look OK for trunk?


OK.

> gcc/cp/ChangeLog:

> 

> 	PR c++/100138

> 	* constraint.cc (tsubst_constraint): Set up cp_unevaluated.

> 	(satisfy_atom): Set up iloc_sentinel before calling

> 	cxx_constant_value.

> 	* pt.c (tsubst_pack_expansion): When returning a rebuilt pack

> 	expansion, carry over PACK_EXPANSION_LOCAL_P and

> 	PACK_EXPANSION_SIZEOF_P from the original pack expansion.

> 

> gcc/testsuite/ChangeLog:

> 

> 	PR c++/100138

> 	* g++.dg/cpp2a/concepts-ctad4.C: New test.

> ---

>   gcc/cp/constraint.cc                        |  6 ++++-

>   gcc/cp/pt.c                                 |  2 ++

>   gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp2a/concepts-ctad4.C | 25 +++++++++++++++++++++

>   3 files changed, 32 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

>   create mode 100644 gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp2a/concepts-ctad4.C

> 

> diff --git a/gcc/cp/constraint.cc b/gcc/cp/constraint.cc

> index 0709695fd08..30fccc46678 100644

> --- a/gcc/cp/constraint.cc

> +++ b/gcc/cp/constraint.cc

> @@ -2747,6 +2747,7 @@ tsubst_constraint (tree t, tree args, tsubst_flags_t complain, tree in_decl)

>     /* We also don't want to evaluate concept-checks when substituting the

>        constraint-expressions of a declaration.  */

>     processing_constraint_expression_sentinel s;

> +  cp_unevaluated u;

>     tree expr = tsubst_expr (t, args, complain, in_decl, false);

>     return expr;

>   }

> @@ -3005,7 +3006,10 @@ satisfy_atom (tree t, tree args, sat_info info)

>   

>     /* Compute the value of the constraint.  */

>     if (info.noisy ())

> -    result = cxx_constant_value (result);

> +    {

> +      iloc_sentinel ils (EXPR_LOCATION (result));

> +      result = cxx_constant_value (result);

> +    }

>     else

>       {

>         result = maybe_constant_value (result, NULL_TREE,

> diff --git a/gcc/cp/pt.c b/gcc/cp/pt.c

> index 36a8cb5df5d..0d27dd1af65 100644

> --- a/gcc/cp/pt.c

> +++ b/gcc/cp/pt.c

> @@ -13203,6 +13203,8 @@ tsubst_pack_expansion (tree t, tree args, tsubst_flags_t complain,

>         else

>   	result = tsubst (pattern, args, complain, in_decl);

>         result = make_pack_expansion (result, complain);

> +      PACK_EXPANSION_LOCAL_P (result) = PACK_EXPANSION_LOCAL_P (t);

> +      PACK_EXPANSION_SIZEOF_P (result) = PACK_EXPANSION_SIZEOF_P (t);

>         if (PACK_EXPANSION_AUTO_P (t))

>   	{

>   	  /* This is a fake auto... pack expansion created in add_capture with

> diff --git a/gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp2a/concepts-ctad4.C b/gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp2a/concepts-ctad4.C

> new file mode 100644

> index 00000000000..95a3a22dd04

> --- /dev/null

> +++ b/gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp2a/concepts-ctad4.C

> @@ -0,0 +1,25 @@

> +// PR c++/100138

> +// { dg-do compile { target c++20 } }

> +

> +template <class T>

> +struct A {

> +  A(T, auto... xs) requires (sizeof...(xs) != 0) { }

> +};

> +

> +constexpr bool f(...) { return true; }

> +

> +template <class T>

> +struct B {

> +  B(T, auto... xs) requires (f(xs...)); // { dg-error "constant expression" }

> +};

> +

> +template <class T>

> +struct C {

> +  C(T, auto x) requires (f(x)); // { dg-error "constant expression" }

> +};

> +

> +int main() {

> +  A x{1, 2}; // { dg-bogus "" }

> +  B y{1, 2}; // { dg-error "deduction|no match" }

> +  C z{1, 2}; // { dg-error "deduction|no match" }

> +}

>

Patch

diff --git a/gcc/cp/constraint.cc b/gcc/cp/constraint.cc
index 0709695fd08..30fccc46678 100644
--- a/gcc/cp/constraint.cc
+++ b/gcc/cp/constraint.cc
@@ -2747,6 +2747,7 @@  tsubst_constraint (tree t, tree args, tsubst_flags_t complain, tree in_decl)
   /* We also don't want to evaluate concept-checks when substituting the
      constraint-expressions of a declaration.  */
   processing_constraint_expression_sentinel s;
+  cp_unevaluated u;
   tree expr = tsubst_expr (t, args, complain, in_decl, false);
   return expr;
 }
@@ -3005,7 +3006,10 @@  satisfy_atom (tree t, tree args, sat_info info)
 
   /* Compute the value of the constraint.  */
   if (info.noisy ())
-    result = cxx_constant_value (result);
+    {
+      iloc_sentinel ils (EXPR_LOCATION (result));
+      result = cxx_constant_value (result);
+    }
   else
     {
       result = maybe_constant_value (result, NULL_TREE,
diff --git a/gcc/cp/pt.c b/gcc/cp/pt.c
index 36a8cb5df5d..0d27dd1af65 100644
--- a/gcc/cp/pt.c
+++ b/gcc/cp/pt.c
@@ -13203,6 +13203,8 @@  tsubst_pack_expansion (tree t, tree args, tsubst_flags_t complain,
       else
 	result = tsubst (pattern, args, complain, in_decl);
       result = make_pack_expansion (result, complain);
+      PACK_EXPANSION_LOCAL_P (result) = PACK_EXPANSION_LOCAL_P (t);
+      PACK_EXPANSION_SIZEOF_P (result) = PACK_EXPANSION_SIZEOF_P (t);
       if (PACK_EXPANSION_AUTO_P (t))
 	{
 	  /* This is a fake auto... pack expansion created in add_capture with
diff --git a/gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp2a/concepts-ctad4.C b/gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp2a/concepts-ctad4.C
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..95a3a22dd04
--- /dev/null
+++ b/gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp2a/concepts-ctad4.C
@@ -0,0 +1,25 @@ 
+// PR c++/100138
+// { dg-do compile { target c++20 } }
+
+template <class T>
+struct A {
+  A(T, auto... xs) requires (sizeof...(xs) != 0) { }
+};
+
+constexpr bool f(...) { return true; }
+
+template <class T>
+struct B {
+  B(T, auto... xs) requires (f(xs...)); // { dg-error "constant expression" }
+};
+
+template <class T>
+struct C {
+  C(T, auto x) requires (f(x)); // { dg-error "constant expression" }
+};
+
+int main() {
+  A x{1, 2}; // { dg-bogus "" }
+  B y{1, 2}; // { dg-error "deduction|no match" }
+  C z{1, 2}; // { dg-error "deduction|no match" }
+}