[18/23] New mtag commands

Message ID 20200715194513.16641-19-luis.machado@linaro.org
State New
Headers show
Series
  • Memory Tagging Support + AArch64 Linux implementation
Related show

Commit Message

Hannes Domani via Gdb-patches July 15, 2020, 7:45 p.m.
Add new commands under the "mtag" prefix to allow users to inspect, modify and
check memory tags in different ways.

The available subcommands are the following:

- mtag showltag <expression>: Shows the logical tag for a particular address.

- mtag setltag <expression> <tag>: Prints the address tagged with the logical
  tag <tag>.

- mtag showatag <expression>: Shows the allocation tag for a particular address.

- mtag setatag <expression> <length> <tags>: Sets one or more allocation tags to
  the specified tags.

- mtag check <expression>: Check if the logical tag in <address> matches its
  allocation tag.

These commands make use of the memory tagging gdbarch methods, and are still
available, but disabled, when memory tagging is not supported by the
architecture.

I've pondered about a way to make these commands invisible when memory tagging
is not available, but given the check is at runtime (and support may come and go
based on a process' configuration), that is a bit too late in the process to
either not include the commands or get rid of them.

Ideas are welcome.

gdb/ChangeLog:

YYYY-MM-DD  Luis Machado  <luis.machado@linaro.org>

	* printcmd.c: Include gdbsupport/rsp-low.h.
	(mtaglist): New static global.
	(process_print_command_args): Factored out of
	print_command_1.
	(print_command_1): Use process_print_command_args.
	(show_addr_not_tagged, show_memtag_unsupported, mtag_command)
	(mtag_showtag_command, mtag_showltag_command, mtag_showatag_command)
	(parse_setltag_input, mtag_setltag_command, parse_setatag_input)
	(mtag_setatag_command, mtag_check_command): New functions.
	(_initialize_printcmd): Add "mtag" prefix and subcommands.

gdbsupport/ChangeLog:

YYYY-MM-DD  Luis Machado  <luis.machado@linaro.org>

	* rsp-low.cc (fromhex): Change error message text to not be
	RSP-specific.
---
 gdb/printcmd.c        | 359 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
 gdbsupport/rsp-low.cc |   2 +-
 2 files changed, 348 insertions(+), 13 deletions(-)

-- 
2.17.1

Patch

diff --git a/gdb/printcmd.c b/gdb/printcmd.c
index d0261a021a..ef1c16031b 100644
--- a/gdb/printcmd.c
+++ b/gdb/printcmd.c
@@ -53,6 +53,11 @@ 
 #include "source.h"
 #include "gdbsupport/byte-vector.h"
 #include "gdbsupport/gdb_optional.h"
+#include "gdbsupport/rsp-low.h"
+
+/* Chain containing all defined mtag subcommands.  */
+
+struct cmd_list_element *mtaglist;
 
 /* Last specified output format.  */
 
@@ -1208,31 +1213,38 @@  print_value (value *val, const value_print_options &opts)
   annotate_value_history_end ();
 }
 
-/* Implementation of the "print" and "call" commands.  */
+/* Helper for parsing arguments for print_command_1.  */
 
-static void
-print_command_1 (const char *args, int voidprint)
+static struct value *
+process_print_command_args (const char *args, value_print_options *print_opts)
 {
-  struct value *val;
-  value_print_options print_opts;
-
-  get_user_print_options (&print_opts);
+  get_user_print_options (print_opts);
   /* Override global settings with explicit options, if any.  */
-  auto group = make_value_print_options_def_group (&print_opts);
+  auto group = make_value_print_options_def_group (print_opts);
   gdb::option::process_options
     (&args, gdb::option::PROCESS_OPTIONS_REQUIRE_DELIMITER, group);
 
-  print_command_parse_format (&args, "print", &print_opts);
+  print_command_parse_format (&args, "print", print_opts);
 
   const char *exp = args;
 
   if (exp != nullptr && *exp)
     {
       expression_up expr = parse_expression (exp);
-      val = evaluate_expression (expr.get ());
+      return evaluate_expression (expr.get ());
     }
-  else
-    val = access_value_history (0);
+
+  return access_value_history (0);
+}
+
+/* Implementation of the "print" and "call" commands.  */
+
+static void
+print_command_1 (const char *args, int voidprint)
+{
+  value_print_options print_opts;
+
+  struct value *val = process_print_command_args (args, &print_opts);
 
   if (voidprint || (val && value_type (val) &&
 		    value_type (val)->code () != TYPE_CODE_VOID))
@@ -2700,6 +2712,273 @@  eval_command (const char *arg, int from_tty)
   execute_command (expanded.c_str (), from_tty);
 }
 
+/* Convenience function for error checking in mtag commands.  */
+
+static void
+show_addr_not_tagged (CORE_ADDR address)
+{
+  error (_("Address %s not in a region mapped with a memory tagging flag."),
+	 paddress (target_gdbarch (), address));
+}
+
+/* Convenience function for error checking in mtag commands.  */
+
+static void
+show_memtag_unsupported (void)
+{
+  error (_("Memory tagging not supported or disabled by the current"
+	   " architecture."));
+}
+
+/* Implement the "mtag" prefix command.  */
+
+static void
+mtag_command (const char *arg, int from_tty)
+{
+  help_list (mtaglist, "mtag ", all_commands, gdb_stdout);
+}
+
+/* Helper for showltag and showatag.  */
+
+static void
+mtag_showtag_command (const char *args, enum memtag_type tag_type)
+{
+  if (args == nullptr)
+    error_no_arg (_("address or pointer"));
+
+  /* Parse args into a value.  If the value is a pointer or an address,
+     then fetch the logical or allocation tag.  */
+  value_print_options print_opts;
+
+  struct value *val = process_print_command_args (args, &print_opts);
+
+  /* If the address is not in a region memory mapped with a memory tagging
+     flag, it is no use trying to access/manipulate its allocation tag.
+
+     It is OK to manipulate the logical tag though.  */
+  if (tag_type == tag_allocation
+      && !gdbarch_tagged_address_p (target_gdbarch (), val))
+    show_addr_not_tagged (value_as_address (val));
+
+  std::string tag = gdbarch_memtag_to_string (target_gdbarch (),
+					      val, tag_type);
+  if (tag.empty ())
+    printf_filtered (_("%s tag unavailable.\n"),
+		     tag_type == tag_logical? "Logical" : "Allocation");
+
+  struct value *v_tag = process_print_command_args (tag.c_str (),
+						    &print_opts);
+  print_opts.output_format = 'x';
+  print_value (v_tag, print_opts);
+}
+
+/* Implement the "mtag showltag" command.  */
+
+static void
+mtag_showltag_command (const char *args, int from_tty)
+{
+  if (!memtag || !target_supports_memory_tagging ())
+    show_memtag_unsupported ();
+
+  mtag_showtag_command (args, tag_logical);
+}
+
+/* Implement the "mtag showatag" command.  */
+
+static void
+mtag_showatag_command (const char *args, int from_tty)
+{
+  if (!memtag || !target_supports_memory_tagging ())
+    show_memtag_unsupported ();
+
+  mtag_showtag_command (args, tag_allocation);
+}
+
+/* Parse ARGS and extract ADDR and TAG.
+   ARGS should have format <expression> <tag bytes>.  */
+
+static void
+parse_setltag_input (const char *args, struct value **val,
+		     gdb::byte_vector &tags, value_print_options *print_opts)
+{
+  /* Given <expression> can be reasonably complex, we parse things backwards
+     so we can isolate the <tag bytes> portion.  */
+
+  /* Fetch the address.  */
+  std::string s_address = extract_string_maybe_quoted (&args);
+
+  /* Parse the address into a value.  */
+  *val = process_print_command_args (s_address.c_str (), print_opts);
+
+  /* Fetch the tag bytes.  */
+  std::string s_tag = extract_string_maybe_quoted (&args);
+
+  /* Validate the input.  */
+  if (s_address.empty () || s_tag.empty ())
+    error (_("Missing arguments."));
+
+  if (s_tag.length () % 2)
+    error (_("Error parsing tags argument. The tag should be 2 digits."));
+
+  tags = hex2bin (s_tag.c_str ());
+}
+
+/* Implement the "mtag setltag" command.  */
+
+static void
+mtag_setltag_command (const char *args, int from_tty)
+{
+  if (!memtag || !target_supports_memory_tagging ())
+    show_memtag_unsupported ();
+
+  if (args == nullptr)
+    error_no_arg (_("<address> <tag>"));
+
+  gdb::byte_vector tags;
+  struct value *val;
+  value_print_options print_opts;
+
+  /* Parse the input.  */
+  parse_setltag_input (args, &val, tags, &print_opts);
+
+  /* Setting the logical tag is just a local operation that does not touch
+     any memory from the target.  Given an input value, we modify the value
+     to include the appropriate tag.
+
+     For this reason we need to cast the argument value to a
+     (void *) pointer.  This is so we have the right the for the gdbarch
+     hook to manipulate the value and insert the tag.
+
+     Otherwise, this would fail if, for example, GDB parsed the argument value
+     into an int-sized value and the pointer value has a type of greater
+     length.  */
+
+  /* Cast to (void *).  */
+  val = value_cast (builtin_type (target_gdbarch ())->builtin_data_ptr,
+		    val);
+
+  if (gdbarch_set_memtags (target_gdbarch (), val, 0, tags,
+			   tag_logical) != 0)
+    printf_filtered (_("Could not update the logical tag data.\n"));
+  else
+    {
+      /* Always print it in hex format.  */
+      print_opts.output_format = 'x';
+      print_value (val, print_opts);
+    }
+}
+
+/* Parse ARGS and extract ADDR, LENGTH and TAGS.  */
+
+static void
+parse_setatag_input (const char *args, struct value **val, size_t *length,
+		     gdb::byte_vector &tags)
+{
+  /* Fetch the address.  */
+  std::string s_address = extract_string_maybe_quoted (&args);
+
+  /* Parse the address into a value.  */
+  value_print_options print_opts;
+  *val = process_print_command_args (s_address.c_str (), &print_opts);
+
+  /* Fetch the length.  */
+  std::string s_length = extract_string_maybe_quoted (&args);
+
+  /* Fetch the tag bytes.  */
+  std::string s_tags = extract_string_maybe_quoted (&args);
+
+  /* Validate the input.  */
+  if (s_address.empty () || s_length.empty () || s_tags.empty ())
+    error (_("Missing arguments."));
+
+  errno = 0;
+  *length = strtoulst (s_length.c_str (), NULL, 10);
+  if (errno != 0)
+    error (_("Error parsing length argument."));
+
+  if (s_tags.length () % 2)
+    error (_("Error parsing tags argument. Tags should be 2 digits per byte."));
+
+  tags = hex2bin (s_tags.c_str ());
+
+  /* If the address is not in a region memory mapped with a memory tagging
+     flag, it is no use trying to access/manipulate its allocation tag.  */
+  if (!gdbarch_tagged_address_p (target_gdbarch (), *val))
+    show_addr_not_tagged (value_as_address (*val));
+}
+
+/* Implement the "mtag setatag" command.
+   ARGS should be in the format <address> <length> <tags>.  */
+
+static void
+mtag_setatag_command (const char *args, int from_tty)
+{
+  if (!memtag || !target_supports_memory_tagging ())
+    show_memtag_unsupported ();
+
+  if (args == nullptr)
+    error_no_arg (_("<starting address> <length> <tag bytes>"));
+
+  gdb::byte_vector tags;
+  size_t length = 0;
+  struct value *val;
+
+  /* Parse the input.  */
+  parse_setatag_input (args, &val, &length, tags);
+
+  if (gdbarch_set_memtags (target_gdbarch (), val, length, tags,
+			   tag_allocation) != 0)
+    printf_filtered (_("Could not update the allocation tag(s).\n"));
+  else
+    printf_filtered (_("Allocation tag(s) updated successfully.\n"));
+}
+
+/* Implement the "mtag check" command.  */
+
+static void
+mtag_check_command (const char *args, int from_tty)
+{
+  if (!memtag || !target_supports_memory_tagging ())
+    show_memtag_unsupported ();
+
+  if (args == nullptr)
+    error (_("Argument required (address or pointer)"));
+
+  /* Parse the expression into a value.  If the value is an address or
+     pointer, then check its logical tag against the allocation tag.  */
+  value_print_options print_opts;
+
+  struct value *val = process_print_command_args (args, &print_opts);
+
+  /* If the address is not in a region memory mapped with a memory tagging
+     flag, it is no use trying to access/manipulate its allocation tag.  */
+  if (!gdbarch_tagged_address_p (target_gdbarch (), val))
+    show_addr_not_tagged (value_as_address (val));
+
+  CORE_ADDR addr = value_as_address (val);
+
+  /* If memory tagging validation is on, check if the tag is valid.  */
+  if (gdbarch_memtag_mismatch_p (target_gdbarch (), val))
+    {
+      std::string ltag = gdbarch_memtag_to_string (target_gdbarch (),
+						   val, tag_logical);
+      std::string atag = gdbarch_memtag_to_string (target_gdbarch (),
+						   val, tag_allocation);
+
+      printf_filtered (_("Logical tag (%s) does not match"
+			 " the allocation tag (%s) for address %s.\n"),
+		       ltag.c_str (), atag.c_str (),
+		       paddress (target_gdbarch (), addr));
+    }
+  else
+    {
+      std::string ltag = gdbarch_memtag_to_string (target_gdbarch (),
+						   val, tag_logical);
+      printf_filtered (_("Memory tags for address %s match (%s).\n"),
+		       paddress (target_gdbarch (), addr), ltag.c_str ());
+    }
+}
+
 void _initialize_printcmd ();
 void
 _initialize_printcmd ()
@@ -2910,4 +3189,60 @@  certain operations have illegal tags."),
 			    NULL,
 			    show_memtag,
 			    &setlist, &showlist);
+
+  /* Memory tagging commands.  */
+  add_prefix_cmd ("mtag", class_vars, mtag_command, _("\
+Generic command for showing and manipulating memory tag properties."),
+		  &mtaglist, "mtag ", 0, &cmdlist);
+  add_cmd ("showltag", class_vars, mtag_showltag_command,
+	   ("Show the logical tag for an address.\n\
+Usage: mtag showltag <address>.\n\
+<address> is an expression that evaluates to a pointer or memory address.\n\
+GDB will show the logical tag associated with <address>.  The tag\n\
+interpretation is architecture-specific."),
+	   &mtaglist);
+  add_cmd ("showatag", class_vars, mtag_showatag_command,
+	   _("Show the allocation tag for an address.\n\
+Usage: mtag showatag <address>.\n\
+<address> is an expression that evaluates to a pointer or memory address.\n\
+GDB will show the allocation tag associated with <address>.  The tag\n\
+interpretation is architecture-specific."),
+	   &mtaglist);
+  add_cmd ("setltag", class_vars, mtag_setltag_command,
+	   _("Set the logical tag for an address.\n\
+Usage: mtag setltag <address> <tag>\n\
+<address> is an expression that evaluates to a pointer or memory address.\n\
+<tag> is a sequence of hex bytes that will be interpreted by the\n\
+architecture as a single memory tag.\n\
+GDB will set the logical tag for <address> to <tag>, and will show the\n\
+resulting address with the updated tag."),
+	   &mtaglist);
+  add_cmd ("setatag", class_vars, mtag_setatag_command,
+	   _("Set the allocation tag for an address.\n\
+Usage: mtag setatag <address> <length> <tag_bytes>\n\
+<address> is an expression that evaluates to a pointer or memory address\n\
+<length> is the number of bytes that will get added to <address> to calculate\n\
+the memory range.\n\
+<tag bytes> is a sequence of hex bytes that will be interpreted by the\n\
+architecture as one or more memory tags.\n\
+Sets the tags of the memory range [<address>, <address> + <length>)\n\
+to the specified tag bytes.\n\
+\n\
+If the number of tags is greater than or equal to the number of tag granules\n\
+in the [<address>, <address> + <length) range, only the tags up to the\n\
+number of tag granules will be stored.\n\
+\n\
+If the number of tags is less than the number of tag granules, then the\n\
+command is a fill operation.  The tag bytes are interpreted as a pattern\n\
+that will get repeated until the number of tag granules in the memory range\n\
+[<address>, <address> + <length>] is stored to."),
+	   &mtaglist);
+  add_cmd ("check", class_vars, mtag_check_command,
+	   _("Validate the logical tag against the allocation tag.\n\
+Usage: mtag check <address>\n\
+<address> is an expression that evaluates to a pointer or memory address\n\
+GDB will fetch the logical and allocation tags for <address> and will\n\
+compare them for equality.  If the tags do not match, GDB will show\n\
+additional information about the mismatch."),
+	   &mtaglist);
 }
diff --git a/gdbsupport/rsp-low.cc b/gdbsupport/rsp-low.cc
index 9bb16605dd..90b51dbb18 100644
--- a/gdbsupport/rsp-low.cc
+++ b/gdbsupport/rsp-low.cc
@@ -32,7 +32,7 @@  fromhex (int a)
   else if (a >= 'A' && a <= 'F')
     return a - 'A' + 10;
   else
-    error (_("Reply contains invalid hex digit %d"), a);
+    error (_("Invalid hex digit %d"), a);
 }
 
 /* See rsp-low.h.  */