[06/14] Red-black tree implementation for balanced tree search.

Message ID 03079381f271bb5886a55264345fb65f452a273b.1580782131.git.wschmidt@linux.ibm.com
State New
Headers show
Series
  • rs6000: Begin replacing built-in support
Related show

Commit Message

Bill Schmidt Feb. 4, 2020, 2:26 a.m.
2020-02-03  Bill Schmidt  <wschmidt@linux.ibm.com>

        * config/rs6000/rbtree.c: New file.
        * config/rs6000/rbtree.h: New file.
---
 gcc/config/rs6000/rbtree.c | 233 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 gcc/config/rs6000/rbtree.h |  51 ++++++++
 2 files changed, 284 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 gcc/config/rs6000/rbtree.c
 create mode 100644 gcc/config/rs6000/rbtree.h

-- 
2.17.1

Patch

diff --git a/gcc/config/rs6000/rbtree.c b/gcc/config/rs6000/rbtree.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..f6a8cdefaae
--- /dev/null
+++ b/gcc/config/rs6000/rbtree.c
@@ -0,0 +1,233 @@ 
+/* Partial red-black tree implementation for rs6000-genbif.c.
+   Copyright (C) 2020 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+   Contributed by Bill Schmidt, IBM <wschmidt@linux.ibm.com>
+
+This file is part of GCC.
+
+GCC is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
+the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
+Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option) any later
+version.
+
+GCC is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
+WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
+for more details.
+
+You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+along with GCC; see the file COPYING3.  If not see
+<http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.  */
+
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <assert.h>
+#include "rbtree.h"
+
+/* Create a new node to be inserted into the red-black tree.  An inserted
+   node starts out red.  */
+static struct rbt_string_node *
+rbt_create_node (struct rbt_strings *t, char *str)
+{
+  struct rbt_string_node *nodeptr
+    = (struct rbt_string_node *) malloc (sizeof (struct rbt_string_node));
+  nodeptr->str = str;
+  nodeptr->left = t->rbt_nil;
+  nodeptr->right = t->rbt_nil;
+  nodeptr->par = NULL;
+  nodeptr->color = RBT_RED;
+  return nodeptr;
+}
+
+/* Perform a left-rotate operation on NODE in the red-black tree.  */
+static void
+rbt_left_rotate (struct rbt_strings *t, struct rbt_string_node *node)
+{
+  struct rbt_string_node *right = node->right;
+  assert (right);
+
+  /* Turn RIGHT's left subtree into NODE's right subtree.  */
+  node->right = right->left;
+  if (right->left != t->rbt_nil)
+    right->left->par = node;
+
+  /* Link NODE's parent to RIGHT.  */
+  right->par = node->par;
+
+  if (node->par == t->rbt_nil)
+    t->rbt_root = right;
+  else if (node == node->par->left)
+    node->par->left = right;
+  else
+    node->par->right = right;
+
+  /* Put NODE on RIGHT's left.  */
+  right->left = node;
+  node->par = right;
+}
+
+/* Perform a right-rotate operation on NODE in the red-black tree.  */
+static void
+rbt_right_rotate (struct rbt_strings *t, struct rbt_string_node *node)
+{
+  struct rbt_string_node *left = node->left;
+  assert (left);
+
+  /* Turn LEFT's right subtree into NODE's left subtree.  */
+  node->left = left->right;
+  if (left->right != t->rbt_nil)
+    left->right->par = node;
+
+  /* Link NODE's parent to LEFT.  */
+  left->par = node->par;
+
+  if (node->par == t->rbt_nil)
+    t->rbt_root = left;
+  else if (node == node->par->right)
+    node->par->right = left;
+  else
+    node->par->left = left;
+
+  /* Put NODE on LEFT's right.  */
+  left->right = node;
+  node->par = left;
+}
+
+/* Insert STR into the tree, returning 1 for success and 0 if STR already
+   appears in the tree.  */
+int
+rbt_insert (struct rbt_strings *t, char *str)
+{
+  struct rbt_string_node *curr = t->rbt_root;
+  struct rbt_string_node *trail = t->rbt_nil;
+
+  while (curr != t->rbt_nil)
+    {
+      trail = curr;
+      int cmp = strcmp (str, curr->str);
+      if (cmp < 0)
+	curr = curr->left;
+      else if (cmp > 0)
+	curr = curr->right;
+      else
+	return 0;
+    }
+
+  struct rbt_string_node *fresh = rbt_create_node (t, str);
+  fresh->par = trail;
+
+  if (trail == t->rbt_nil)
+    t->rbt_root = fresh;
+  else if (strcmp (fresh->str, trail->str) < 0)
+    trail->left = fresh;
+  else
+    trail->right = fresh;
+
+  fresh->left = t->rbt_nil;
+  fresh->right = t->rbt_nil;
+
+  /* FRESH has now been inserted as a red leaf.  If we have invalidated
+     one of the following preconditions, we must fix things up:
+      (a) If a node is red, both of its children are black.
+      (b) The root must be black.
+     Note that only (a) or (b) applies at any given time during the
+     process.  This algorithm works up the tree from NEW looking
+     for a red child with a red parent, and cleaning that up.  If the
+     root ends up red, it gets turned black at the end.  */
+  curr = fresh;
+  while (curr->par->color == RBT_RED)
+    if (curr->par == curr->par->par->left)
+      {
+	struct rbt_string_node *uncle = curr->par->par->right;
+	if (uncle->color == RBT_RED)
+	  {
+	    curr->par->color = RBT_BLACK;
+	    uncle->color = RBT_BLACK;
+	    curr->par->par->color = RBT_RED;
+	    curr = curr->par->par;
+	  }
+	else if (curr == curr->par->right)
+	  {
+	    curr = curr->par;
+	    rbt_left_rotate (t, curr);
+	  }
+	else
+	  {
+	    curr->par->color = RBT_BLACK;
+	    curr->par->par->color = RBT_RED;
+	    rbt_right_rotate (t, curr->par->par);
+	  }
+      }
+    else /* curr->par == curr->par->par->right  */
+      {
+	/* Gender-neutral formations are awkward, so let's be fair. ;-)
+	   ("Parent-sibling" is just awful.)  */
+	struct rbt_string_node *aunt = curr->par->par->left;
+	if (aunt->color == RBT_RED)
+	  {
+	    curr->par->color = RBT_BLACK;
+	    aunt->color = RBT_BLACK;
+	    curr->par->par->color = RBT_RED;
+	    curr = curr->par->par;
+	  }
+	else if (curr == curr->par->left)
+	  {
+	    curr = curr->par;
+	    rbt_right_rotate (t, curr);
+	  }
+	else
+	  {
+	    curr->par->color = RBT_BLACK;
+	    curr->par->par->color = RBT_RED;
+	    rbt_left_rotate (t, curr->par->par);
+	  }
+      }
+
+  t->rbt_root->color = RBT_BLACK;
+  return 1;
+}
+
+/* Return 1 if STR is in the red-black tree, else 0.  */
+int
+rbt_find (struct rbt_strings *t, char *str)
+{
+  struct rbt_string_node *curr = t->rbt_root;
+
+  while (curr != t->rbt_nil)
+    {
+      int cmp = strcmp (str, curr->str);
+      if (cmp < 0)
+	curr = curr->left;
+      else if (cmp > 0)
+	curr = curr->right;
+      else
+	return 1;
+    }
+
+  return 0;
+}
+
+/* Inorder dump of the binary search tree.  */
+void
+rbt_dump (struct rbt_strings *t, struct rbt_string_node *subtree)
+{
+  if (subtree != t->rbt_nil)
+    {
+      rbt_dump (t, subtree->left);
+      fprintf (stderr, "%s\n", subtree->str);
+      rbt_dump (t, subtree->right);
+    }
+}
+
+/* Inorder call-back for iteration over the tree.  */
+void
+rbt_inorder_callback (struct rbt_strings *t, struct rbt_string_node *subtree,
+		      void (*fn) (char *))
+{
+  if (subtree != t->rbt_nil)
+    {
+      rbt_inorder_callback (t, subtree->left, fn);
+      (*fn) (subtree->str);
+      rbt_inorder_callback (t, subtree->right, fn);
+    }
+}
diff --git a/gcc/config/rs6000/rbtree.h b/gcc/config/rs6000/rbtree.h
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..49fa98596a6
--- /dev/null
+++ b/gcc/config/rs6000/rbtree.h
@@ -0,0 +1,51 @@ 
+/* Partial red-black tree implementation for rs6000-genbif.c.
+   Copyright (C) 2020 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+   Contributed by Bill Schmidt, IBM <wschmidt@linux.ibm.com>
+
+This file is part of GCC.
+
+GCC is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
+the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
+Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option) any later
+version.
+
+GCC is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
+WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
+for more details.
+
+You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+along with GCC; see the file COPYING3.  If not see
+<http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.  */
+
+/* Red-black binary search tree on strings.  Presently we don't support
+   deletes; only insert/find operations are implemented.  */
+enum rbt_color
+  {
+    RBT_BLACK,
+    RBT_RED
+  };
+
+struct rbt_string_node {
+  char *str;
+  struct rbt_string_node *left;
+  struct rbt_string_node *right;
+  struct rbt_string_node *par;
+  enum rbt_color color;
+};
+
+/* Root and sentinel nodes of a red-black tree.
+   rbt_nil points to a sentinel node, which is the parent of root
+   and the child of every node without a "real" left or right child.
+   rbt_root points to the root of the tree, if it exists yet.  The
+   root and sentinel nodes are always black.  */
+struct rbt_strings {
+  struct rbt_string_node *rbt_nil;
+  struct rbt_string_node *rbt_root;
+};
+
+int rbt_insert (struct rbt_strings *, char *);
+int rbt_find (struct rbt_strings *, char *);
+void rbt_dump (struct rbt_strings *, struct rbt_string_node *);
+void rbt_inorder_callback (struct rbt_strings *, struct rbt_string_node *,
+			   void (*) (char *));