[4/4] C++: more std header hints; filter on C++ dialect (PR c++/84269)

Message ID 1521762258-50849-5-git-send-email-dmalcolm@redhat.com
State New
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Series
  • Improvements to #include suggestions
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Commit Message

David Malcolm March 22, 2018, 11:44 p.m.
Jonathan added a bunch more suggestions to:
  https://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=84269#c10
as I was testing my last patch, some of which need C++14 and C++17,
and some of which use headers that exist in earlier standards.

For example, <memory> exists in C++98, but if the user attempts to
use std::make_shared with -std=c++98, they are suggested to include
<memory>, even if they've already included it.

This patch adds the missing names, and fixes the nonsensical suggestions
by detecting if the name isn't available yet, based on the user's
dialect, and reporting things more intelligently:

t.cc: In function 'void test_make_shared()':
t.cc:5:8: error: 'make_shared' is not a member of 'std'
   std::make_shared<int>();
        ^~~~~~~~~~~
t.cc:5:8: note: 'std::make_shared' is only available from C++11 onwards

Successfully bootstrapped & regrtested on x86_64-pc-linux-gnu.

OK for trunk?

gcc/cp/ChangeLog:
	PR c++/84269
	* name-lookup.c (struct std_name_hint): Move out of
	get_std_name_hint; add field "min_dialect".  */
	(get_std_name_hint): Add min_dialect values to all initializers.
	Add <any>, <atomic>, <bitset>, <condition_variable>, <functional>,
	<future>, <istream>, <iterator>, <ostream>, <mutex>, <optional>,
	<shared_mutex>, <string_view>, <thread>, and <variant>.
	Add fstream, ifstream, and ofstream to <fstream>.
	Add istringstream, ostringstream, and stringstream to <sstream>.
	Add basic_string to <string>.
	Add tuple_element and tuple_size to <tuple>.
	Add declval to <utility>.
	Fix ordering of <queue> and <tuple>.
	Return a std_name_hint, rather than a const char *.
	(get_cxx_dialect_name): New function.
	(maybe_suggest_missing_std_header): Detect names that aren't yet
	available in the current dialect, and instead of suggesting a
	missing #include, warn about the dialect.

gcc/testsuite/ChangeLog:
	PR c++/84269
	* g++.dg/lookup/missing-std-include-6.C: Move std::array and
	std::tuple here since they need C++11.
	* g++.dg/lookup/missing-std-include-8.C: New test.
	* g++.dg/lookup/missing-std-include.C: Move std::array and
	std::tuple test to missing-std-include-6.C to avoid failures
	with C++98.
---
 gcc/cp/name-lookup.c                               | 262 +++++++++++++++------
 .../g++.dg/lookup/missing-std-include-6.C          |  13 +
 .../g++.dg/lookup/missing-std-include-8.C          |  44 ++++
 gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/lookup/missing-std-include.C  |   7 -
 4 files changed, 248 insertions(+), 78 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/lookup/missing-std-include-8.C

-- 
1.8.5.3

Comments

Jason Merrill March 29, 2018, 7:27 p.m. | #1
OK.

On Thu, Mar 22, 2018 at 7:44 PM, David Malcolm <dmalcolm@redhat.com> wrote:
> Jonathan added a bunch more suggestions to:

>   https://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=84269#c10

> as I was testing my last patch, some of which need C++14 and C++17,

> and some of which use headers that exist in earlier standards.

>

> For example, <memory> exists in C++98, but if the user attempts to

> use std::make_shared with -std=c++98, they are suggested to include

> <memory>, even if they've already included it.

>

> This patch adds the missing names, and fixes the nonsensical suggestions

> by detecting if the name isn't available yet, based on the user's

> dialect, and reporting things more intelligently:

>

> t.cc: In function 'void test_make_shared()':

> t.cc:5:8: error: 'make_shared' is not a member of 'std'

>    std::make_shared<int>();

>         ^~~~~~~~~~~

> t.cc:5:8: note: 'std::make_shared' is only available from C++11 onwards

>

> Successfully bootstrapped & regrtested on x86_64-pc-linux-gnu.

>

> OK for trunk?

>

> gcc/cp/ChangeLog:

>         PR c++/84269

>         * name-lookup.c (struct std_name_hint): Move out of

>         get_std_name_hint; add field "min_dialect".  */

>         (get_std_name_hint): Add min_dialect values to all initializers.

>         Add <any>, <atomic>, <bitset>, <condition_variable>, <functional>,

>         <future>, <istream>, <iterator>, <ostream>, <mutex>, <optional>,

>         <shared_mutex>, <string_view>, <thread>, and <variant>.

>         Add fstream, ifstream, and ofstream to <fstream>.

>         Add istringstream, ostringstream, and stringstream to <sstream>.

>         Add basic_string to <string>.

>         Add tuple_element and tuple_size to <tuple>.

>         Add declval to <utility>.

>         Fix ordering of <queue> and <tuple>.

>         Return a std_name_hint, rather than a const char *.

>         (get_cxx_dialect_name): New function.

>         (maybe_suggest_missing_std_header): Detect names that aren't yet

>         available in the current dialect, and instead of suggesting a

>         missing #include, warn about the dialect.

>

> gcc/testsuite/ChangeLog:

>         PR c++/84269

>         * g++.dg/lookup/missing-std-include-6.C: Move std::array and

>         std::tuple here since they need C++11.

>         * g++.dg/lookup/missing-std-include-8.C: New test.

>         * g++.dg/lookup/missing-std-include.C: Move std::array and

>         std::tuple test to missing-std-include-6.C to avoid failures

>         with C++98.

> ---

>  gcc/cp/name-lookup.c                               | 262 +++++++++++++++------

>  .../g++.dg/lookup/missing-std-include-6.C          |  13 +

>  .../g++.dg/lookup/missing-std-include-8.C          |  44 ++++

>  gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/lookup/missing-std-include.C  |   7 -

>  4 files changed, 248 insertions(+), 78 deletions(-)

>  create mode 100644 gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/lookup/missing-std-include-8.C

>

> diff --git a/gcc/cp/name-lookup.c b/gcc/cp/name-lookup.c

> index 4eb980e..3d676bb 100644

> --- a/gcc/cp/name-lookup.c

> +++ b/gcc/cp/name-lookup.c

> @@ -5441,104 +5441,214 @@ suggest_alternatives_for (location_t location, tree name,

>      }

>  }

>

> +/* A well-known name within the C++ standard library, returned by

> +   get_std_name_hint.  */

> +

> +struct std_name_hint

> +{

> +  /* A name within "std::".  */

> +  const char *name;

> +

> +  /* The header name defining it within the C++ Standard Library

> +     (with '<' and '>').  */

> +  const char *header;

> +

> +  /* The dialect of C++ in which this was added.  */

> +  enum cxx_dialect min_dialect;

> +};

> +

>  /* Subroutine of maybe_suggest_missing_header for handling unrecognized names

>     for some of the most common names within "std::".

> -   Given non-NULL NAME, a name for lookup within "std::", return the header

> -   name defining it within the C++ Standard Library (with '<' and '>'),

> -   or NULL.  */

> +   Given non-NULL NAME, return the std_name_hint for it, or NULL.  */

>

> -static const char *

> +static const std_name_hint *

>  get_std_name_hint (const char *name)

>  {

> -  struct std_name_hint

> -  {

> -    const char *name;

> -    const char *header;

> -  };

>    static const std_name_hint hints[] = {

> +    /* <any>.  */

> +    {"any", "<any>", cxx17},

> +    {"any_cast", "<any>", cxx17},

> +    {"make_any", "<any>", cxx17},

>      /* <array>.  */

> -    {"array", "<array>"}, // C++11

> +    {"array", "<array>", cxx11},

> +    /* <atomic>.  */

> +    {"atomic", "<atomic>", cxx11},

> +    {"atomic_flag", "<atomic>", cxx11},

> +    /* <bitset>.  */

> +    {"bitset", "<bitset>", cxx11},

>      /* <complex>.  */

> -    {"complex", "<complex>"},

> -    {"complex_literals", "<complex>"},

> +    {"complex", "<complex>", cxx98},

> +    {"complex_literals", "<complex>", cxx98},

> +    /* <condition_variable>. */

> +    {"condition_variable", "<condition_variable>", cxx11},

> +    {"condition_variable_any", "<condition_variable>", cxx11},

>      /* <deque>.  */

> -    {"deque", "<deque>"},

> +    {"deque", "<deque>", cxx98},

>      /* <forward_list>.  */

> -    {"forward_list", "<forward_list>"},  // C++11

> +    {"forward_list", "<forward_list>", cxx11},

>      /* <fstream>.  */

> -    {"basic_filebuf", "<fstream>"},

> -    {"basic_ifstream", "<fstream>"},

> -    {"basic_ofstream", "<fstream>"},

> -    {"basic_fstream", "<fstream>"},

> +    {"basic_filebuf", "<fstream>", cxx98},

> +    {"basic_ifstream", "<fstream>", cxx98},

> +    {"basic_ofstream", "<fstream>", cxx98},

> +    {"basic_fstream", "<fstream>", cxx98},

> +    {"fstream", "<fstream>", cxx98},

> +    {"ifstream", "<fstream>", cxx98},

> +    {"ofstream", "<fstream>", cxx98},

> +    /* <functional>.  */

> +    {"bind", "<functional>", cxx11},

> +    {"function", "<functional>", cxx11},

> +    {"hash", "<functional>", cxx11},

> +    {"mem_fn", "<functional>", cxx11},

> +    /* <future>. */

> +    {"async", "<future>", cxx11},

> +    {"future", "<future>", cxx11},

> +    {"packaged_task", "<future>", cxx11},

> +    {"promise", "<future>", cxx11},

>      /* <iostream>.  */

> -    {"cin", "<iostream>"},

> -    {"cout", "<iostream>"},

> -    {"cerr", "<iostream>"},

> -    {"clog", "<iostream>"},

> -    {"wcin", "<iostream>"},

> -    {"wcout", "<iostream>"},

> -    {"wclog", "<iostream>"},

> +    {"cin", "<iostream>", cxx98},

> +    {"cout", "<iostream>", cxx98},

> +    {"cerr", "<iostream>", cxx98},

> +    {"clog", "<iostream>", cxx98},

> +    {"wcin", "<iostream>", cxx98},

> +    {"wcout", "<iostream>", cxx98},

> +    {"wclog", "<iostream>", cxx98},

> +    /* <istream>.  */

> +    {"istream", "<istream>", cxx98},

> +    /* <iterator>.  */

> +    {"advance", "<iterator>", cxx98},

> +    {"back_inserter", "<iterator>", cxx98},

> +    {"begin", "<iterator>", cxx11},

> +    {"distance", "<iterator>", cxx98},

> +    {"end", "<iterator>", cxx11},

> +    {"front_inserter", "<iterator>", cxx98},

> +    {"inserter", "<iterator>", cxx98},

> +    {"istream_iterator", "<iterator>", cxx98},

> +    {"istreambuf_iterator", "<iterator>", cxx98},

> +    {"iterator_traits", "<iterator>", cxx98},

> +    {"move_iterator", "<iterator>", cxx11},

> +    {"next", "<iterator>", cxx11},

> +    {"ostream_iterator", "<iterator>", cxx98},

> +    {"ostreambuf_iterator", "<iterator>", cxx98},

> +    {"prev", "<iterator>", cxx11},

> +    {"reverse_iterator", "<iterator>", cxx98},

> +    /* <ostream>.  */

> +    {"ostream", "<ostream>", cxx98},

>      /* <list>.  */

> -    {"list", "<list>"},

> +    {"list", "<list>", cxx98},

>      /* <map>.  */

> -    {"map", "<map>"},

> -    {"multimap", "<map>"},

> +    {"map", "<map>", cxx98},

> +    {"multimap", "<map>", cxx98},

>      /* <memory>.  */

> -    {"make_shared", "<memory>"},

> -    {"make_unique", "<memory>"},

> -    {"shared_ptr", "<memory>"},

> -    {"unique_ptr", "<memory>"},

> -    {"weak_ptr", "<memory>"},

> -    /* <queue>.  */

> -    {"queue", "<queue>"},

> -    {"priority_queue", "<queue>"},

> +    {"make_shared", "<memory>", cxx11},

> +    {"make_unique", "<memory>", cxx11},

> +    {"shared_ptr", "<memory>", cxx11},

> +    {"unique_ptr", "<memory>", cxx11},

> +    {"weak_ptr", "<memory>", cxx11},

> +    /* <mutex>.  */

> +    {"mutex", "<mutex>", cxx11},

> +    {"timed_mutex", "<mutex>", cxx11},

> +    {"recursive_mutex", "<mutex>", cxx11},

> +    {"recursive_timed_mutex", "<mutex>", cxx11},

> +    {"once_flag", "<mutex>", cxx11},

> +    {"call_once,", "<mutex>", cxx11},

> +    {"lock", "<mutex>", cxx11},

> +    {"scoped_lock", "<mutex>", cxx17},

> +    {"try_lock", "<mutex>", cxx11},

> +    {"lock_guard", "<mutex>", cxx11},

> +    {"unique_lock", "<mutex>", cxx11},

> +    /* <optional>. */

> +    {"optional", "<optional>", cxx17},

> +    {"make_optional", "<optional>", cxx17},

>      /* <ostream>.  */

> -    {"ostream", "<ostream>"},

> -    {"wostream", "<ostream>"},

> -    {"ends", "<ostream>"},

> -    {"flush", "<ostream>"},

> -    {"endl", "<ostream>"},

> +    {"ostream", "<ostream>", cxx98},

> +    {"wostream", "<ostream>", cxx98},

> +    {"ends", "<ostream>", cxx98},

> +    {"flush", "<ostream>", cxx98},

> +    {"endl", "<ostream>", cxx98},

> +    /* <queue>.  */

> +    {"queue", "<queue>", cxx98},

> +    {"priority_queue", "<queue>", cxx98},

>      /* <set>.  */

> -    {"set", "<set>"},

> -    {"multiset", "<set>"},

> +    {"set", "<set>", cxx98},

> +    {"multiset", "<set>", cxx98},

> +    /* <shared_mutex>.  */

> +    {"shared_lock", "<shared_mutex>", cxx14},

> +    {"shared_mutex", "<shared_mutex>", cxx17},

> +    {"shared_timed_mutex", "<shared_mutex>", cxx14},

>      /* <sstream>.  */

> -    {"basic_stringbuf", "<sstream>"},

> -    {"basic_istringstream", "<sstream>"},

> -    {"basic_ostringstream", "<sstream>"},

> -    {"basic_stringstream", "<sstream>"},

> +    {"basic_stringbuf", "<sstream>", cxx98},

> +    {"basic_istringstream", "<sstream>", cxx98},

> +    {"basic_ostringstream", "<sstream>", cxx98},

> +    {"basic_stringstream", "<sstream>", cxx98},

> +    {"istringstream", "<sstream>", cxx98},

> +    {"ostringstream", "<sstream>", cxx98},

> +    {"stringstream", "<sstream>", cxx98},

>      /* <stack>.  */

> -    {"stack", "<stack>"},

> -    /* <tuple>.  */

> -    {"make_tuple", "<tuple>"},

> -    {"tuple", "<tuple>"},

> +    {"stack", "<stack>", cxx98},

>      /* <string>.  */

> -    {"string", "<string>"},

> -    {"wstring", "<string>"},

> -    {"u16string", "<string>"},

> -    {"u32string", "<string>"},

> +    {"basic_string", "<string>", cxx98},

> +    {"string", "<string>", cxx98},

> +    {"wstring", "<string>", cxx98},

> +    {"u16string", "<string>", cxx11},

> +    {"u32string", "<string>", cxx11},

> +    /* <string_view>.  */

> +    {"string_view", "<string_view>", cxx17},

> +    /* <thread>.  */

> +    {"thread", "<thread>", cxx11},

> +    /* <tuple>.  */

> +    {"make_tuple", "<tuple>", cxx11},

> +    {"tuple", "<tuple>", cxx11},

> +    {"tuple_element", "<tuple>", cxx11},

> +    {"tuple_size", "<tuple>", cxx11},

>      /* <unordered_map>.  */

> -    {"unordered_map", "<unordered_map>"}, // C++11

> -    {"unordered_multimap", "<unordered_map>"}, // C++11

> +    {"unordered_map", "<unordered_map>", cxx11},

> +    {"unordered_multimap", "<unordered_map>", cxx11},

>      /* <unordered_set>.  */

> -    {"unordered_set", "<unordered_set>"}, // C++11

> -    {"unordered_multiset", "<unordered_set>"}, // C++11

> +    {"unordered_set", "<unordered_set>", cxx11},

> +    {"unordered_multiset", "<unordered_set>", cxx11},

>      /* <utility>.  */

> -    {"forward", "<utility>"},

> -    {"make_pair", "<utility>"},

> -    {"move", "<utility>"},

> -    {"pair", "<utility>"},

> +    {"declval", "<utility>", cxx11},

> +    {"forward", "<utility>", cxx11},

> +    {"make_pair", "<utility>", cxx98},

> +    {"move", "<utility>", cxx11},

> +    {"pair", "<utility>", cxx98},

> +    /* <variant>.  */

> +    {"variant", "<variant>", cxx17},

> +    {"visit", "<variant>", cxx17},

>      /* <vector>.  */

> -    {"vector", "<vector>"},

> +    {"vector", "<vector>", cxx98},

>    };

>    const size_t num_hints = sizeof (hints) / sizeof (hints[0]);

>    for (size_t i = 0; i < num_hints; i++)

>      {

>        if (strcmp (name, hints[i].name) == 0)

> -       return hints[i].header;

> +       return &hints[i];

>      }

>    return NULL;

>  }

>

> +/* Describe DIALECT.  */

> +

> +static const char *

> +get_cxx_dialect_name (enum cxx_dialect dialect)

> +{

> +  switch (dialect)

> +    {

> +    default:

> +      gcc_unreachable ();

> +    case cxx98:

> +      return "C++98";

> +    case cxx11:

> +      return "C++11";

> +    case cxx14:

> +      return "C++14";

> +    case cxx17:

> +      return "C++17";

> +    case cxx2a:

> +      return "C++2a";

> +    }

> +}

> +

>  /* Suggest pertinent header files for NAME at LOCATION, for common

>     names within the "std" namespace.

>     Return true iff a suggestion was offered.  */

> @@ -5549,16 +5659,26 @@ maybe_suggest_missing_std_header (location_t location, tree name)

>    gcc_assert (TREE_CODE (name) == IDENTIFIER_NODE);

>

>    const char *name_str = IDENTIFIER_POINTER (name);

> -  const char *header_hint = get_std_name_hint (name_str);

> +  const std_name_hint *header_hint = get_std_name_hint (name_str);

>    if (!header_hint)

>      return false;

>

>    gcc_rich_location richloc (location);

> -  maybe_add_include_fixit (&richloc, header_hint);

> -  inform (&richloc,

> -         "%<std::%s%> is defined in header %qs;"

> -         " did you forget to %<#include %s%>?",

> -         name_str, header_hint, header_hint);

> +  if (cxx_dialect >= header_hint->min_dialect)

> +    {

> +      const char *header = header_hint->header;

> +      maybe_add_include_fixit (&richloc, header);

> +      inform (&richloc,

> +             "%<std::%s%> is defined in header %qs;"

> +             " did you forget to %<#include %s%>?",

> +             name_str, header, header);

> +    }

> +  else

> +    {

> +      inform (&richloc,

> +             "%<std::%s%> is only available from %s onwards",

> +             name_str, get_cxx_dialect_name (header_hint->min_dialect));

> +    }

>    return true;

>  }

>

> diff --git a/gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/lookup/missing-std-include-6.C b/gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/lookup/missing-std-include-6.C

> index 100bcc0..d9eeb42 100644

> --- a/gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/lookup/missing-std-include-6.C

> +++ b/gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/lookup/missing-std-include-6.C

> @@ -60,3 +60,16 @@ void test_move(T&& arg)

>    // { dg-message "'#include <utility>'" "" { target *-*-* } .-1 }

>    // { dg-error "expected primary-expression before '>' token" "" { target *-*-* } .-2 }

>  }

> +

> +void test_array ()

> +{

> +  std::array a; // { dg-error ".array. is not a member of .std." }

> +  // { dg-message ".std::array. is defined in header .<array>.; did you forget to .#include <array>.?" "" { target *-*-* } .-1 }

> +}

> +

> +void test_tuple ()

> +{

> +  std::tuple<int,float> p; // { dg-error ".tuple. is not a member of .std." }

> +  // { dg-message ".std::tuple. is defined in header .<tuple>.; did you forget to .#include <tuple>.?" "" { target *-*-* } .-1 }

> +  // { dg-error "expected primary-expression before .int." "" { target *-*-* } .-2 }

> +}

> diff --git a/gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/lookup/missing-std-include-8.C b/gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/lookup/missing-std-include-8.C

> new file mode 100644

> index 0000000..68b2082

> --- /dev/null

> +++ b/gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/lookup/missing-std-include-8.C

> @@ -0,0 +1,44 @@

> +/* Verify that we don't offer #include suggestions for things that

> +   aren't yet available due to the C++ dialect in use.  */

> +// { dg-do compile { target c++98_only } }

> +

> +#include <memory>

> +

> +template<class T>

> +void test_make_shared ()

> +{

> +  std::make_shared<T>(); // { dg-error "'make_shared' is not a member of 'std'" }

> +  // { dg-message "'std::make_shared' is only available from C\\+\\+11 onwards" "" { target *-*-* } .-1 }

> +  // { dg-error "expected primary-expression before '>' token" "" { target *-*-* } .-2 }

> +  // { dg-error "expected primary-expression before '\\)' token" "" { target *-*-* } .-3 }

> +}

> +

> +void test_array ()

> +{

> +  std::array a; // { dg-error "'array' is not a member of 'std'" }

> +  // { dg-message "'std::array' is only available from C\\+\\+11 onwards" "" { target *-*-* } .-1 }

> +}

> +

> +void test_tuple ()

> +{

> +  std::tuple<int,float> p; // { dg-error "'tuple' is not a member of 'std'" }

> +  // { dg-message "'std::tuple' is only available from C\\+\\+11 onwards" "" { target *-*-* } .-1 }

> +  // { dg-error "expected primary-expression before 'int'" "" { target *-*-* } .-2 }

> +}

> +

> +/* Since C++14.  */

> +std::shared_timed_mutex m; // { dg-error "'shared_timed_mutex' in namespace 'std' does not name a type" }

> +// { dg-message "'std::shared_timed_mutex' is only available from C\\+\\+14 onwards" "" { target *-*-* } .-1 }

> +

> +/* Since C++17: */

> +std::string_view sv; // { dg-error "'string_view' in namespace 'std' does not name a type" }

> +// { dg-message "'std::string_view' is only available from C\\+\\+17 onwards" "" { target *-*-* } .-1 }

> +

> +/* Verify interaction with "using namespace std;".  */

> +using namespace std;

> +void test_via_using_directive ()

> +{

> +  shared_ptr<int> p; // { dg-error "'shared_ptr' was not declared in this scope" }

> +  // { dg-message "'std::shared_ptr' is only available from C\\+\\+11 onwards" "" { target *-*-* } .-1 }

> +  // { dg-error "expected primary-expression before 'int'" "" { target *-*-* } .-2 }

> +}

> diff --git a/gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/lookup/missing-std-include.C b/gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/lookup/missing-std-include.C

> index 5452760..0fcc72b 100644

> --- a/gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/lookup/missing-std-include.C

> +++ b/gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/lookup/missing-std-include.C

> @@ -13,9 +13,6 @@ void test (void)

>    std::cin >> i; // { dg-error ".cin. is not a member of .std." }

>    // { dg-message ".std::cin. is defined in header .<iostream>.; did you forget to .#include <iostream>.?" "" { target *-*-* } .-1 }

>

> -  std::array a; // { dg-error ".array. is not a member of .std." }

> -  // { dg-message ".std::array. is defined in header .<array>.; did you forget to .#include <array>.?" "" { target *-*-* } .-1 }

> -

>    std::deque a; // { dg-error ".deque. is not a member of .std." }

>    // { dg-message ".std::deque. is defined in header .<deque>.; did you forget to .#include <deque>.?" "" { target *-*-* } .-1 }

>

> @@ -30,8 +27,4 @@ void test (void)

>    std::pair<int,float> p; // { dg-error ".pair. is not a member of .std." }

>    // { dg-message ".std::pair. is defined in header .<utility>.; did you forget to .#include <utility>.?" "" { target *-*-* } .-1 }

>    // { dg-error "expected primary-expression before .int." "" { target *-*-* } .-2 }

> -

> -  std::tuple<int,float> p; // { dg-error ".tuple. is not a member of .std." }

> -  // { dg-message ".std::tuple. is defined in header .<tuple>.; did you forget to .#include <tuple>.?" "" { target *-*-* } .-1 }

> -  // { dg-error "expected primary-expression before .int." "" { target *-*-* } .-2 }

>  }

> --

> 1.8.5.3

>

Patch

diff --git a/gcc/cp/name-lookup.c b/gcc/cp/name-lookup.c
index 4eb980e..3d676bb 100644
--- a/gcc/cp/name-lookup.c
+++ b/gcc/cp/name-lookup.c
@@ -5441,104 +5441,214 @@  suggest_alternatives_for (location_t location, tree name,
     }
 }
 
+/* A well-known name within the C++ standard library, returned by
+   get_std_name_hint.  */
+
+struct std_name_hint
+{
+  /* A name within "std::".  */
+  const char *name;
+
+  /* The header name defining it within the C++ Standard Library
+     (with '<' and '>').  */
+  const char *header;
+
+  /* The dialect of C++ in which this was added.  */
+  enum cxx_dialect min_dialect;
+};
+
 /* Subroutine of maybe_suggest_missing_header for handling unrecognized names
    for some of the most common names within "std::".
-   Given non-NULL NAME, a name for lookup within "std::", return the header
-   name defining it within the C++ Standard Library (with '<' and '>'),
-   or NULL.  */
+   Given non-NULL NAME, return the std_name_hint for it, or NULL.  */
 
-static const char *
+static const std_name_hint *
 get_std_name_hint (const char *name)
 {
-  struct std_name_hint
-  {
-    const char *name;
-    const char *header;
-  };
   static const std_name_hint hints[] = {
+    /* <any>.  */
+    {"any", "<any>", cxx17},
+    {"any_cast", "<any>", cxx17},
+    {"make_any", "<any>", cxx17},
     /* <array>.  */
-    {"array", "<array>"}, // C++11
+    {"array", "<array>", cxx11},
+    /* <atomic>.  */
+    {"atomic", "<atomic>", cxx11},
+    {"atomic_flag", "<atomic>", cxx11},
+    /* <bitset>.  */
+    {"bitset", "<bitset>", cxx11},
     /* <complex>.  */
-    {"complex", "<complex>"},
-    {"complex_literals", "<complex>"},
+    {"complex", "<complex>", cxx98},
+    {"complex_literals", "<complex>", cxx98},
+    /* <condition_variable>. */
+    {"condition_variable", "<condition_variable>", cxx11},
+    {"condition_variable_any", "<condition_variable>", cxx11},
     /* <deque>.  */
-    {"deque", "<deque>"},
+    {"deque", "<deque>", cxx98},
     /* <forward_list>.  */
-    {"forward_list", "<forward_list>"},  // C++11
+    {"forward_list", "<forward_list>", cxx11},
     /* <fstream>.  */
-    {"basic_filebuf", "<fstream>"},
-    {"basic_ifstream", "<fstream>"},
-    {"basic_ofstream", "<fstream>"},
-    {"basic_fstream", "<fstream>"},
+    {"basic_filebuf", "<fstream>", cxx98},
+    {"basic_ifstream", "<fstream>", cxx98},
+    {"basic_ofstream", "<fstream>", cxx98},
+    {"basic_fstream", "<fstream>", cxx98},
+    {"fstream", "<fstream>", cxx98},
+    {"ifstream", "<fstream>", cxx98},
+    {"ofstream", "<fstream>", cxx98},
+    /* <functional>.  */
+    {"bind", "<functional>", cxx11},
+    {"function", "<functional>", cxx11},
+    {"hash", "<functional>", cxx11},
+    {"mem_fn", "<functional>", cxx11},
+    /* <future>. */
+    {"async", "<future>", cxx11},
+    {"future", "<future>", cxx11},
+    {"packaged_task", "<future>", cxx11},
+    {"promise", "<future>", cxx11},
     /* <iostream>.  */
-    {"cin", "<iostream>"},
-    {"cout", "<iostream>"},
-    {"cerr", "<iostream>"},
-    {"clog", "<iostream>"},
-    {"wcin", "<iostream>"},
-    {"wcout", "<iostream>"},
-    {"wclog", "<iostream>"},
+    {"cin", "<iostream>", cxx98},
+    {"cout", "<iostream>", cxx98},
+    {"cerr", "<iostream>", cxx98},
+    {"clog", "<iostream>", cxx98},
+    {"wcin", "<iostream>", cxx98},
+    {"wcout", "<iostream>", cxx98},
+    {"wclog", "<iostream>", cxx98},
+    /* <istream>.  */
+    {"istream", "<istream>", cxx98},
+    /* <iterator>.  */
+    {"advance", "<iterator>", cxx98},
+    {"back_inserter", "<iterator>", cxx98},
+    {"begin", "<iterator>", cxx11},
+    {"distance", "<iterator>", cxx98},
+    {"end", "<iterator>", cxx11},
+    {"front_inserter", "<iterator>", cxx98},
+    {"inserter", "<iterator>", cxx98},
+    {"istream_iterator", "<iterator>", cxx98},
+    {"istreambuf_iterator", "<iterator>", cxx98},
+    {"iterator_traits", "<iterator>", cxx98},
+    {"move_iterator", "<iterator>", cxx11},
+    {"next", "<iterator>", cxx11},
+    {"ostream_iterator", "<iterator>", cxx98},
+    {"ostreambuf_iterator", "<iterator>", cxx98},
+    {"prev", "<iterator>", cxx11},
+    {"reverse_iterator", "<iterator>", cxx98},
+    /* <ostream>.  */
+    {"ostream", "<ostream>", cxx98},
     /* <list>.  */
-    {"list", "<list>"},
+    {"list", "<list>", cxx98},
     /* <map>.  */
-    {"map", "<map>"},
-    {"multimap", "<map>"},
+    {"map", "<map>", cxx98},
+    {"multimap", "<map>", cxx98},
     /* <memory>.  */
-    {"make_shared", "<memory>"},
-    {"make_unique", "<memory>"},
-    {"shared_ptr", "<memory>"},
-    {"unique_ptr", "<memory>"},
-    {"weak_ptr", "<memory>"},
-    /* <queue>.  */
-    {"queue", "<queue>"},
-    {"priority_queue", "<queue>"},
+    {"make_shared", "<memory>", cxx11},
+    {"make_unique", "<memory>", cxx11},
+    {"shared_ptr", "<memory>", cxx11},
+    {"unique_ptr", "<memory>", cxx11},
+    {"weak_ptr", "<memory>", cxx11},
+    /* <mutex>.  */
+    {"mutex", "<mutex>", cxx11},
+    {"timed_mutex", "<mutex>", cxx11},
+    {"recursive_mutex", "<mutex>", cxx11},
+    {"recursive_timed_mutex", "<mutex>", cxx11},
+    {"once_flag", "<mutex>", cxx11},
+    {"call_once,", "<mutex>", cxx11},
+    {"lock", "<mutex>", cxx11},
+    {"scoped_lock", "<mutex>", cxx17},
+    {"try_lock", "<mutex>", cxx11},
+    {"lock_guard", "<mutex>", cxx11},
+    {"unique_lock", "<mutex>", cxx11},
+    /* <optional>. */
+    {"optional", "<optional>", cxx17},
+    {"make_optional", "<optional>", cxx17},
     /* <ostream>.  */
-    {"ostream", "<ostream>"},
-    {"wostream", "<ostream>"},
-    {"ends", "<ostream>"},
-    {"flush", "<ostream>"},
-    {"endl", "<ostream>"},
+    {"ostream", "<ostream>", cxx98},
+    {"wostream", "<ostream>", cxx98},
+    {"ends", "<ostream>", cxx98},
+    {"flush", "<ostream>", cxx98},
+    {"endl", "<ostream>", cxx98},
+    /* <queue>.  */
+    {"queue", "<queue>", cxx98},
+    {"priority_queue", "<queue>", cxx98},
     /* <set>.  */
-    {"set", "<set>"},
-    {"multiset", "<set>"},
+    {"set", "<set>", cxx98},
+    {"multiset", "<set>", cxx98},
+    /* <shared_mutex>.  */
+    {"shared_lock", "<shared_mutex>", cxx14},
+    {"shared_mutex", "<shared_mutex>", cxx17},
+    {"shared_timed_mutex", "<shared_mutex>", cxx14},
     /* <sstream>.  */
-    {"basic_stringbuf", "<sstream>"},
-    {"basic_istringstream", "<sstream>"},
-    {"basic_ostringstream", "<sstream>"},
-    {"basic_stringstream", "<sstream>"},
+    {"basic_stringbuf", "<sstream>", cxx98},
+    {"basic_istringstream", "<sstream>", cxx98},
+    {"basic_ostringstream", "<sstream>", cxx98},
+    {"basic_stringstream", "<sstream>", cxx98},
+    {"istringstream", "<sstream>", cxx98},
+    {"ostringstream", "<sstream>", cxx98},
+    {"stringstream", "<sstream>", cxx98},
     /* <stack>.  */
-    {"stack", "<stack>"},
-    /* <tuple>.  */
-    {"make_tuple", "<tuple>"},
-    {"tuple", "<tuple>"},
+    {"stack", "<stack>", cxx98},
     /* <string>.  */
-    {"string", "<string>"},
-    {"wstring", "<string>"},
-    {"u16string", "<string>"},
-    {"u32string", "<string>"},
+    {"basic_string", "<string>", cxx98},
+    {"string", "<string>", cxx98},
+    {"wstring", "<string>", cxx98},
+    {"u16string", "<string>", cxx11},
+    {"u32string", "<string>", cxx11},
+    /* <string_view>.  */
+    {"string_view", "<string_view>", cxx17},
+    /* <thread>.  */
+    {"thread", "<thread>", cxx11},
+    /* <tuple>.  */
+    {"make_tuple", "<tuple>", cxx11},
+    {"tuple", "<tuple>", cxx11},
+    {"tuple_element", "<tuple>", cxx11},
+    {"tuple_size", "<tuple>", cxx11},
     /* <unordered_map>.  */
-    {"unordered_map", "<unordered_map>"}, // C++11
-    {"unordered_multimap", "<unordered_map>"}, // C++11
+    {"unordered_map", "<unordered_map>", cxx11},
+    {"unordered_multimap", "<unordered_map>", cxx11},
     /* <unordered_set>.  */
-    {"unordered_set", "<unordered_set>"}, // C++11
-    {"unordered_multiset", "<unordered_set>"}, // C++11
+    {"unordered_set", "<unordered_set>", cxx11},
+    {"unordered_multiset", "<unordered_set>", cxx11},
     /* <utility>.  */
-    {"forward", "<utility>"},
-    {"make_pair", "<utility>"},
-    {"move", "<utility>"},
-    {"pair", "<utility>"},
+    {"declval", "<utility>", cxx11},
+    {"forward", "<utility>", cxx11},
+    {"make_pair", "<utility>", cxx98},
+    {"move", "<utility>", cxx11},
+    {"pair", "<utility>", cxx98},
+    /* <variant>.  */
+    {"variant", "<variant>", cxx17},
+    {"visit", "<variant>", cxx17},
     /* <vector>.  */
-    {"vector", "<vector>"},
+    {"vector", "<vector>", cxx98},
   };
   const size_t num_hints = sizeof (hints) / sizeof (hints[0]);
   for (size_t i = 0; i < num_hints; i++)
     {
       if (strcmp (name, hints[i].name) == 0)
-	return hints[i].header;
+	return &hints[i];
     }
   return NULL;
 }
 
+/* Describe DIALECT.  */
+
+static const char *
+get_cxx_dialect_name (enum cxx_dialect dialect)
+{
+  switch (dialect)
+    {
+    default:
+      gcc_unreachable ();
+    case cxx98:
+      return "C++98";
+    case cxx11:
+      return "C++11";
+    case cxx14:
+      return "C++14";
+    case cxx17:
+      return "C++17";
+    case cxx2a:
+      return "C++2a";
+    }
+}
+
 /* Suggest pertinent header files for NAME at LOCATION, for common
    names within the "std" namespace.
    Return true iff a suggestion was offered.  */
@@ -5549,16 +5659,26 @@  maybe_suggest_missing_std_header (location_t location, tree name)
   gcc_assert (TREE_CODE (name) == IDENTIFIER_NODE);
 
   const char *name_str = IDENTIFIER_POINTER (name);
-  const char *header_hint = get_std_name_hint (name_str);
+  const std_name_hint *header_hint = get_std_name_hint (name_str);
   if (!header_hint)
     return false;
 
   gcc_rich_location richloc (location);
-  maybe_add_include_fixit (&richloc, header_hint);
-  inform (&richloc,
-	  "%<std::%s%> is defined in header %qs;"
-	  " did you forget to %<#include %s%>?",
-	  name_str, header_hint, header_hint);
+  if (cxx_dialect >= header_hint->min_dialect)
+    {
+      const char *header = header_hint->header;
+      maybe_add_include_fixit (&richloc, header);
+      inform (&richloc,
+	      "%<std::%s%> is defined in header %qs;"
+	      " did you forget to %<#include %s%>?",
+	      name_str, header, header);
+    }
+  else
+    {
+      inform (&richloc,
+	      "%<std::%s%> is only available from %s onwards",
+	      name_str, get_cxx_dialect_name (header_hint->min_dialect));
+    }
   return true;
 }
 
diff --git a/gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/lookup/missing-std-include-6.C b/gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/lookup/missing-std-include-6.C
index 100bcc0..d9eeb42 100644
--- a/gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/lookup/missing-std-include-6.C
+++ b/gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/lookup/missing-std-include-6.C
@@ -60,3 +60,16 @@  void test_move(T&& arg)
   // { dg-message "'#include <utility>'" "" { target *-*-* } .-1 }
   // { dg-error "expected primary-expression before '>' token" "" { target *-*-* } .-2 }
 }
+
+void test_array ()
+{
+  std::array a; // { dg-error ".array. is not a member of .std." }
+  // { dg-message ".std::array. is defined in header .<array>.; did you forget to .#include <array>.?" "" { target *-*-* } .-1 }
+}
+
+void test_tuple ()
+{
+  std::tuple<int,float> p; // { dg-error ".tuple. is not a member of .std." }
+  // { dg-message ".std::tuple. is defined in header .<tuple>.; did you forget to .#include <tuple>.?" "" { target *-*-* } .-1 }
+  // { dg-error "expected primary-expression before .int." "" { target *-*-* } .-2 }
+}
diff --git a/gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/lookup/missing-std-include-8.C b/gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/lookup/missing-std-include-8.C
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..68b2082
--- /dev/null
+++ b/gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/lookup/missing-std-include-8.C
@@ -0,0 +1,44 @@ 
+/* Verify that we don't offer #include suggestions for things that
+   aren't yet available due to the C++ dialect in use.  */
+// { dg-do compile { target c++98_only } }
+
+#include <memory>
+
+template<class T>
+void test_make_shared ()
+{
+  std::make_shared<T>(); // { dg-error "'make_shared' is not a member of 'std'" }
+  // { dg-message "'std::make_shared' is only available from C\\+\\+11 onwards" "" { target *-*-* } .-1 }
+  // { dg-error "expected primary-expression before '>' token" "" { target *-*-* } .-2 }
+  // { dg-error "expected primary-expression before '\\)' token" "" { target *-*-* } .-3 }
+}
+
+void test_array ()
+{
+  std::array a; // { dg-error "'array' is not a member of 'std'" }
+  // { dg-message "'std::array' is only available from C\\+\\+11 onwards" "" { target *-*-* } .-1 }
+}
+
+void test_tuple ()
+{
+  std::tuple<int,float> p; // { dg-error "'tuple' is not a member of 'std'" }
+  // { dg-message "'std::tuple' is only available from C\\+\\+11 onwards" "" { target *-*-* } .-1 }
+  // { dg-error "expected primary-expression before 'int'" "" { target *-*-* } .-2 }
+}
+
+/* Since C++14.  */
+std::shared_timed_mutex m; // { dg-error "'shared_timed_mutex' in namespace 'std' does not name a type" }
+// { dg-message "'std::shared_timed_mutex' is only available from C\\+\\+14 onwards" "" { target *-*-* } .-1 }
+
+/* Since C++17: */
+std::string_view sv; // { dg-error "'string_view' in namespace 'std' does not name a type" }
+// { dg-message "'std::string_view' is only available from C\\+\\+17 onwards" "" { target *-*-* } .-1 }
+
+/* Verify interaction with "using namespace std;".  */
+using namespace std;
+void test_via_using_directive ()
+{
+  shared_ptr<int> p; // { dg-error "'shared_ptr' was not declared in this scope" }
+  // { dg-message "'std::shared_ptr' is only available from C\\+\\+11 onwards" "" { target *-*-* } .-1 }
+  // { dg-error "expected primary-expression before 'int'" "" { target *-*-* } .-2 }
+}
diff --git a/gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/lookup/missing-std-include.C b/gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/lookup/missing-std-include.C
index 5452760..0fcc72b 100644
--- a/gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/lookup/missing-std-include.C
+++ b/gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/lookup/missing-std-include.C
@@ -13,9 +13,6 @@  void test (void)
   std::cin >> i; // { dg-error ".cin. is not a member of .std." }
   // { dg-message ".std::cin. is defined in header .<iostream>.; did you forget to .#include <iostream>.?" "" { target *-*-* } .-1 }
 
-  std::array a; // { dg-error ".array. is not a member of .std." }
-  // { dg-message ".std::array. is defined in header .<array>.; did you forget to .#include <array>.?" "" { target *-*-* } .-1 }
-
   std::deque a; // { dg-error ".deque. is not a member of .std." }
   // { dg-message ".std::deque. is defined in header .<deque>.; did you forget to .#include <deque>.?" "" { target *-*-* } .-1 }
 
@@ -30,8 +27,4 @@  void test (void)
   std::pair<int,float> p; // { dg-error ".pair. is not a member of .std." }
   // { dg-message ".std::pair. is defined in header .<utility>.; did you forget to .#include <utility>.?" "" { target *-*-* } .-1 }
   // { dg-error "expected primary-expression before .int." "" { target *-*-* } .-2 }
-
-  std::tuple<int,float> p; // { dg-error ".tuple. is not a member of .std." }
-  // { dg-message ".std::tuple. is defined in header .<tuple>.; did you forget to .#include <tuple>.?" "" { target *-*-* } .-1 }
-  // { dg-error "expected primary-expression before .int." "" { target *-*-* } .-2 }
 }