PR fortran/89100 Default widths for i, f and g format specifiers in format strings

Message ID 7f75732b-08d4-09bd-a495-e6f38c79a450@codethink.co.uk
State Superseded
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Series
  • PR fortran/89100 Default widths for i, f and g format specifiers in format strings
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Commit Message

Mark Eggleston May 13, 2019, 9:45 a.m.
https://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=89100 see comment 4

Please can someone commit the attached patch as I do not have commit rights.

Change logs:

For gcc/fortran

     Jeff Law  <law@redhat.com>
     Mark Eggleston  <mark.eggleston@codethink.com>

     PR fortran/89100
     * gfortran.texi: Add Default widths for F, G and I format descriptors
     to Extensions section.
     * invoke.texi: Add -fdec-format-defaults
     * io.c (check_format): Use default widths for i, f and g when
     flag_dec_format_defaults is enabled.
     * lang.opt: Add new option.
     * options.c (set_dec_flags): Add SET_BITFLAG for
     flag_dec_format_defaults.

For gcc/testsuite

     Mark Eggleston <mark.eggleston@codethink.com>

     PR fortran/89100
     * gfortran.dg/fmt_f_default_field_width_1.f90: New test.
     * gfortran.dg/fmt_f_default_field_width_2.f90: New test.
     * gfortran.dg/fmt_f_default_field_width_3.f90: New test.
     * gfortran.dg/fmt_g_default_field_width_1.f90: New test.
     * gfortran.dg/fmt_g_default_field_width_2.f90: New test.
     * gfortran.dg/fmt_g_default_field_width_3.f90: New test.
     * gfortran.dg/fmt_i_default_field_width_1.f90: New test.
     * gfortran.dg/fmt_i_default_field_width_2.f90: New test.
     * gfortran.dg/fmt_i_default_field_width_3.f90: New test.

For libgfortran

     Jeff Law  <law@redhat.com>

     PR fortran/89100
     * io/format.c (parse_format_list): set default width when the
     IOPARM_DT_DEC_EXT flag is set for i, f and g.
     * io/io.h: add default_width_for_integer, default_width_for_float
     and default_precision_for_float.
     * io/write.c (write_boz): extra parameter giving length of data
     corresponding to the type's kind.
     (write_b): pass data length as extra parameter in calls to write_boz.
     (write_o): pass data length as extra parameter in calls to write_boz.
     (write_z): pass data length as extra parameter in calls to write_boz.
     (size_from_kind): also set size is default width is set.
     * io/write_float.def (build_float_string): new paramter inserted before
     result parameter. If default width use values passed instead of the
     values in fnode.
     (FORMAT_FLOAT): macro modified to check for default width and calls to
     build_float_string to pass in default width.
     (get_float_string): set width and precision to defaults when needed.


-- 
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Patch

From f952b060a6d5de506022026eef13c86692c23c12 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: law <law@138bc75d-0d04-0410-961f-82ee72b054a4>
Date: Thu, 10 May 2018 11:48:34 +0100
Subject: [PATCH 1/6] Default widths for i, f and g format specifiers in format
 strings.

Enabled using -fdec.

The behaviour is modelled on the Oracle Fortran compiler. At the time
of writing, the details were available at this URL:

  https://docs.oracle.com/cd/E19957-01/805-4939/6j4m0vnc3/index.html#z4000743746d

Addition by Mark Eggleston <mark.eggleston@codethink.com>:

Use -fdec-format-defaults to enable this feature. Also enabled using -fdec.
---
 gcc/fortran/gfortran.texi                          | 17 ++++++++
 gcc/fortran/invoke.texi                            | 25 ++++++-----
 gcc/fortran/io.c                                   | 31 ++++++++++++--
 gcc/fortran/lang.opt                               |  4 ++
 gcc/fortran/options.c                              |  1 +
 .../gfortran.dg/fmt_f_default_field_width_1.f90    | 40 +++++++++++++++++
 .../gfortran.dg/fmt_f_default_field_width_2.f90    | 43 +++++++++++++++++++
 .../gfortran.dg/fmt_f_default_field_width_3.f90    | 30 +++++++++++++
 .../gfortran.dg/fmt_g_default_field_width_1.f90    | 45 +++++++++++++++++++
 .../gfortran.dg/fmt_g_default_field_width_2.f90    | 48 +++++++++++++++++++++
 .../gfortran.dg/fmt_g_default_field_width_3.f90    | 33 ++++++++++++++
 .../gfortran.dg/fmt_i_default_field_width_1.f90    | 40 +++++++++++++++++
 .../gfortran.dg/fmt_i_default_field_width_2.f90    | 44 +++++++++++++++++++
 .../gfortran.dg/fmt_i_default_field_width_3.f90    | 37 ++++++++++++++++
 libgfortran/io/format.c                            | 35 +++++++++++++++
 libgfortran/io/io.h                                | 50 ++++++++++++++++++++++
 libgfortran/io/read.c                              |  6 +++
 libgfortran/io/write.c                             | 22 ++++++----
 libgfortran/io/write_float.def                     | 37 +++++++++++++---
 19 files changed, 560 insertions(+), 28 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 gcc/testsuite/gfortran.dg/fmt_f_default_field_width_1.f90
 create mode 100644 gcc/testsuite/gfortran.dg/fmt_f_default_field_width_2.f90
 create mode 100644 gcc/testsuite/gfortran.dg/fmt_f_default_field_width_3.f90
 create mode 100644 gcc/testsuite/gfortran.dg/fmt_g_default_field_width_1.f90
 create mode 100644 gcc/testsuite/gfortran.dg/fmt_g_default_field_width_2.f90
 create mode 100644 gcc/testsuite/gfortran.dg/fmt_g_default_field_width_3.f90
 create mode 100644 gcc/testsuite/gfortran.dg/fmt_i_default_field_width_1.f90
 create mode 100644 gcc/testsuite/gfortran.dg/fmt_i_default_field_width_2.f90
 create mode 100644 gcc/testsuite/gfortran.dg/fmt_i_default_field_width_3.f90

diff --git a/gcc/fortran/gfortran.texi b/gcc/fortran/gfortran.texi
index 02ff32f741f..0e6c57142cd 100644
--- a/gcc/fortran/gfortran.texi
+++ b/gcc/fortran/gfortran.texi
@@ -1576,6 +1576,7 @@  additional compatibility extensions along with those enabled by
 * X format descriptor without count field::
 * Commas in FORMAT specifications::
 * Missing period in FORMAT specifications::
+* Default widths for F@comma{} G and I format descriptors::
 * I/O item lists::
 * @code{Q} exponent-letter::
 * BOZ literal constants::
@@ -1782,6 +1783,22 @@  discouraged.
 10     FORMAT ('F4')
 @end smallexample
 
+@node Default widths for F@comma{} G and I format descriptors
+@subsection Default widths for @code{F}, @code{G} and @code{I} format descriptors
+
+To support legacy codes, GNU Fortran allows width to be omitted from format
+specifications if and only if @option{-fdec-format-defaults} is given on the
+command line.  Default widths will be used. This is considered non-conforming
+code and is discouraged.
+
+@smallexample
+       REAL :: value1
+       INTEGER :: value2
+       WRITE(*,10) value1, value1, value2
+10     FORMAT ('F, G, I')
+@end smallexample
+
+
 @node I/O item lists
 @subsection I/O item lists
 @cindex I/O item lists
diff --git a/gcc/fortran/invoke.texi b/gcc/fortran/invoke.texi
index 0e0c2bcb20d..63fce66a593 100644
--- a/gcc/fortran/invoke.texi
+++ b/gcc/fortran/invoke.texi
@@ -117,16 +117,16 @@  by type.  Explanations are in the following sections.
 @item Fortran Language Options
 @xref{Fortran Dialect Options,,Options controlling Fortran dialect}.
 @gccoptlist{-fall-intrinsics -fbackslash -fcray-pointer -fd-lines-as-code @gol
--fd-lines-as-comments @gol
--fdec -fdec-structure -fdec-intrinsic-ints -fdec-static -fdec-math @gol
--fdec-include -fdefault-double-8 -fdefault-integer-8 -fdefault-real-8 @gol
--fdefault-real-10 -fdefault-real-16 -fdollar-ok -ffixed-line-length-@var{n} @gol
--ffixed-line-length-none -fpad-source -ffree-form -ffree-line-length-@var{n} @gol
--ffree-line-length-none -fimplicit-none -finteger-4-integer-8 @gol
--fmax-identifier-length -fmodule-private -ffixed-form -fno-range-check @gol
--fopenacc -fopenmp -freal-4-real-10 -freal-4-real-16 -freal-4-real-8 @gol
--freal-8-real-10 -freal-8-real-16 -freal-8-real-4 -std=@var{std}
--ftest-forall-temp
+-fd-lines-as-comments -fdec -fdec-structure -fdec-intrinsic-ints @gol
+-fdec-static -fdec-math -fdec-include -fdec-format-defaults @gol
+-fdefault-double-8 -fdefault-integer-8 -fdefault-real-8 -fdefault-real-10 @gol
+-fdefault-real-16 -fdollar-ok -ffixed-line-length-@var{n} @gol
+-ffixed-line-length-none -fpad-source -ffree-form @gol
+-ffree-line-length-@var{n} -ffree-line-length-none @gol
+-fimplicit-none -finteger-4-integer-8 -fmax-identifier-length @gol
+-fmodule-private -ffixed-form -fno-range-check -fopenacc -fopenmp @gol
+-freal-4-real-10 -freal-4-real-16 -freal-4-real-8 -freal-8-real-10 @gol
+-freal-8-real-16 -freal-8-real-4 -std=@var{std} -ftest-forall-temp
 }
 
 @item Preprocessing Options
@@ -283,6 +283,11 @@  Enable parsing of INCLUDE as a statement in addition to parsing it as
 INCLUDE line.  When parsed as INCLUDE statement, INCLUDE does not have to
 be on a single line and can use line continuations.
 
+@item -fdec-format-defaults
+@opindex @code{fdec-format-defaults}
+Enable format specifiers F, G and I to be used without width specifiers,
+default widths will be used instead.
+
 @item -fdollar-ok
 @opindex @code{fdollar-ok}
 @cindex @code{$}
diff --git a/gcc/fortran/io.c b/gcc/fortran/io.c
index 95b30132203..80a0d7402d2 100644
--- a/gcc/fortran/io.c
+++ b/gcc/fortran/io.c
@@ -903,6 +903,13 @@  data_desc:
 
       if (u != FMT_POSINT)
 	{
+	  if (flag_dec_format_defaults)
+	    {
+	      /* Assume a default width based on the variable size.  */
+	      saved_token = u;
+	      break;
+	    }
+
 	  format_locus.nextc += format_string_pos;
 	  gfc_error ("Positive width required in format "
 			 "specifier %s at %L", token_to_string (t),
@@ -1027,6 +1034,13 @@  data_desc:
 	goto fail;
       if (t != FMT_ZERO && t != FMT_POSINT)
 	{
+	  if (flag_dec_format_defaults)
+	    {
+	      /* Assume the default width is expected here and continue lexing.  */
+	      value = 0; /* It doesn't matter what we set the value to here.  */
+	      saved_token = t;
+	      break;
+	    }
 	  error = nonneg_required;
 	  goto syntax;
 	}
@@ -1096,8 +1110,17 @@  data_desc:
 	goto fail;
       if (t != FMT_ZERO && t != FMT_POSINT)
 	{
-	  error = nonneg_required;
-	  goto syntax;
+	  if (flag_dec_format_defaults)
+	    {
+	      /* Assume the default width is expected here and continue lexing.  */
+	      value = 0; /* It doesn't matter what we set the value to here.  */
+	      saved_token = t;
+	    }
+	  else
+	    {
+	      error = nonneg_required;
+	      goto syntax;
+	    }
 	}
       else if (is_input && t == FMT_ZERO)
 	{
@@ -4369,8 +4392,8 @@  get_io_list:
     }
 
   /* See if we want to use defaults for missing exponents in real transfers
-     and other DEC runtime extensions.  */
-  if (flag_dec)
+     and other DEC runtime extensions. */
+  if (flag_dec_format_defaults)
     dt->dec_ext = 1;
 
   /* A full IO statement has been matched.  Check the constraints.  spec_end is
diff --git a/gcc/fortran/lang.opt b/gcc/fortran/lang.opt
index 9151d02c491..26e82601b62 100644
--- a/gcc/fortran/lang.opt
+++ b/gcc/fortran/lang.opt
@@ -444,6 +444,10 @@  fdec-include
 Fortran Var(flag_dec_include)
 Enable legacy parsing of INCLUDE as statement.
 
+fdec-format-defaults
+Fortran Var(flag_dec_format_defaults)
+Enable default widths for i, f and g format specifiers.
+
 fdec-intrinsic-ints
 Fortran Var(flag_dec_intrinsic_ints)
 Enable kind-specific variants of integer intrinsic functions.
diff --git a/gcc/fortran/options.c b/gcc/fortran/options.c
index 4e55adec6fe..9ba48dc8439 100644
--- a/gcc/fortran/options.c
+++ b/gcc/fortran/options.c
@@ -74,6 +74,7 @@  set_dec_flags (int value)
   SET_BITFLAG (flag_dec_static, value, value);
   SET_BITFLAG (flag_dec_math, value, value);
   SET_BITFLAG (flag_dec_include, value, value);
+  SET_BITFLAG (flag_dec_format_defaults, value, value);
 }
 
 /* Finalize DEC flags.  */
diff --git a/gcc/testsuite/gfortran.dg/fmt_f_default_field_width_1.f90 b/gcc/testsuite/gfortran.dg/fmt_f_default_field_width_1.f90
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..5c0834211ff
--- /dev/null
+++ b/gcc/testsuite/gfortran.dg/fmt_f_default_field_width_1.f90
@@ -0,0 +1,40 @@ 
+! { dg-do run }
+! { dg-options -fdec }
+!
+! Test case for the default field widths enabled by the -fdec-format-defaults flag.
+!
+! This feature is not part of any Fortran standard, but it is supported by the
+! Oracle Fortran compiler and others.
+!
+
+program test
+    character(50) :: buffer
+
+    real(4) :: real_4
+    real(8) :: real_8
+    real(16) :: real_16
+    integer :: len
+    character(*), parameter :: fmt = "(A, F, A)"
+
+    real_4 = 4.18
+    write(buffer, fmt) ':',real_4,':'
+    print *,buffer
+    if (buffer.ne.":      4.1799998:") stop 1
+
+    real_4 = 0.00000018
+    write(buffer, fmt) ':',real_4,':'
+    print *,buffer
+    if (buffer.ne.":      0.0000002:") stop 2
+
+    real_8 = 4.18
+    write(buffer, fmt) ':',real_8,':'
+    print *,buffer
+    len = len_trim(buffer)
+    if (len /= 27) stop 3
+
+    real_16 = 4.18
+    write(buffer, fmt) ':',real_16,':'
+    print *,buffer
+    len = len_trim(buffer)
+    if (len /= 44) stop 4
+end
diff --git a/gcc/testsuite/gfortran.dg/fmt_f_default_field_width_2.f90 b/gcc/testsuite/gfortran.dg/fmt_f_default_field_width_2.f90
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..fd5b1d25a56
--- /dev/null
+++ b/gcc/testsuite/gfortran.dg/fmt_f_default_field_width_2.f90
@@ -0,0 +1,43 @@ 
+! { dg-do run }
+! { dg-options -fdec-format-defaults }
+!
+! Test case for the default field widths enabled by the -fdec-format-defaults flag.
+!
+! This feature is not part of any Fortran standard, but it is supported by the
+! Oracle Fortran compiler and others.
+!
+! Test case added by Mark Eggleston <mark.eggleston@codethink.com> to check
+! use of -fdec-format-defaults
+!
+
+program test
+    character(50) :: buffer
+
+    real(4) :: real_4
+    real(8) :: real_8
+    real(16) :: real_16
+    integer :: len
+    character(*), parameter :: fmt = "(A, F, A)"
+
+    real_4 = 4.18
+    write(buffer, fmt) ':',real_4,':'
+    print *,buffer
+    if (buffer.ne.":      4.1799998:") stop 1
+
+    real_4 = 0.00000018
+    write(buffer, fmt) ':',real_4,':'
+    print *,buffer
+    if (buffer.ne.":      0.0000002:") stop 2
+
+    real_8 = 4.18
+    write(buffer, fmt) ':',real_8,':'
+    print *,buffer
+    len = len_trim(buffer)
+    if (len /= 27) stop 3
+
+    real_16 = 4.18
+    write(buffer, fmt) ':',real_16,':'
+    print *,buffer
+    len = len_trim(buffer)
+    if (len /= 44) stop 4
+end
diff --git a/gcc/testsuite/gfortran.dg/fmt_f_default_field_width_3.f90 b/gcc/testsuite/gfortran.dg/fmt_f_default_field_width_3.f90
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..6852f8e9aa2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/gcc/testsuite/gfortran.dg/fmt_f_default_field_width_3.f90
@@ -0,0 +1,30 @@ 
+! { dg-do compile }
+! { dg-options "-fdec -fno-dec-format-defaults" }
+!
+! Test case for the default field widths not enabled.
+!
+! Test case added by Mark Eggleston <mark.eggleston@codethink.com> to check
+! use of -fno-dec-format-defaults
+!
+
+program test
+    character(50) :: buffer
+
+    real*4 :: real_4
+    real*8 :: real_8
+    real*16 :: real_16
+    integer :: len
+    character(*), parameter :: fmt = "(A, F, A)"
+
+    real_4 = 4.18
+    write(buffer, fmt) ':',real_4,':' ! { dg-error "Nonnegative width required" }
+
+    real_4 = 0.00000018
+    write(buffer, fmt) ':',real_4,':' ! { dg-error "Nonnegative width required" }
+
+    real_8 = 4.18
+    write(buffer, fmt) ':',real_8,':' ! { dg-error "Nonnegative width required" }
+
+    real_16 = 4.18
+    write(buffer, fmt) ':',real_16,':' ! { dg-error "Nonnegative width required" }
+end
diff --git a/gcc/testsuite/gfortran.dg/fmt_g_default_field_width_1.f90 b/gcc/testsuite/gfortran.dg/fmt_g_default_field_width_1.f90
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..028cd113929
--- /dev/null
+++ b/gcc/testsuite/gfortran.dg/fmt_g_default_field_width_1.f90
@@ -0,0 +1,45 @@ 
+! { dg-do run }
+! { dg-options -fdec }
+!
+! Test case for the default field widths enabled by the -fdec-format-defaults flag.
+!
+! This feature is not part of any Fortran standard, but it is supported by the
+! Oracle Fortran compiler and others.
+!
+
+program test
+    character(50) :: buffer
+
+    real(4) :: real_4
+    real(8) :: real_8
+    real(16) :: real_16
+    integer :: len
+    character(*), parameter :: fmt = "(A, G, A)"
+
+    real_4 = 4.18
+    write(buffer, fmt) ':',real_4,':'
+    print *,buffer
+    if (buffer.ne.":   4.180000    :") stop 1
+
+    real_4 = 0.00000018
+    write(buffer, fmt) ':',real_4,':'
+    print *,buffer
+    if (buffer.ne.":  0.1800000E-06:") stop 2
+
+    real_4 = 18000000.4
+    write(buffer, fmt) ':',real_4,':'
+    print *,buffer
+    if (buffer.ne.":  0.1800000E+08:") stop 3
+
+    real_8 = 4.18
+    write(buffer, fmt) ':',real_8,':'
+    print *,buffer
+    len = len_trim(buffer)
+    if (len /= 27) stop 4
+
+    real_16 = 4.18
+    write(buffer, fmt) ':',real_16,':'
+    print *,buffer
+    len = len_trim(buffer)
+    if (len /= 44) stop 5
+end
diff --git a/gcc/testsuite/gfortran.dg/fmt_g_default_field_width_2.f90 b/gcc/testsuite/gfortran.dg/fmt_g_default_field_width_2.f90
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..45c98c7c300
--- /dev/null
+++ b/gcc/testsuite/gfortran.dg/fmt_g_default_field_width_2.f90
@@ -0,0 +1,48 @@ 
+! { dg-do run }
+! { dg-options -fdec-format-defaults }
+!
+! Test case for the default field widths enabled by the -fdec-format-defaults flag.
+!
+! This feature is not part of any Fortran standard, but it is supported by the
+! Oracle Fortran compiler and others.
+!
+! Test case added by Mark Eggleston <mark.eggleston@codethink.com> to check
+! use of -fdec-format-defaults
+!
+
+program test
+    character(50) :: buffer
+
+    real(4) :: real_4
+    real(8) :: real_8
+    real(16) :: real_16
+    integer :: len
+    character(*), parameter :: fmt = "(A, G, A)"
+
+    real_4 = 4.18
+    write(buffer, fmt) ':',real_4,':'
+    print *,buffer
+    if (buffer.ne.":   4.180000    :") stop 1
+
+    real_4 = 0.00000018
+    write(buffer, fmt) ':',real_4,':'
+    print *,buffer
+    if (buffer.ne.":  0.1800000E-06:") stop 2
+
+    real_4 = 18000000.4
+    write(buffer, fmt) ':',real_4,':'
+    print *,buffer
+    if (buffer.ne.":  0.1800000E+08:") stop 3
+
+    real_8 = 4.18
+    write(buffer, fmt) ':',real_8,':'
+    print *,buffer
+    len = len_trim(buffer)
+    if (len /= 27) stop 4
+
+    real_16 = 4.18
+    write(buffer, fmt) ':',real_16,':'
+    print *,buffer
+    len = len_trim(buffer)
+    if (len /= 44) stop 5
+end
diff --git a/gcc/testsuite/gfortran.dg/fmt_g_default_field_width_3.f90 b/gcc/testsuite/gfortran.dg/fmt_g_default_field_width_3.f90
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..3db4fddd162
--- /dev/null
+++ b/gcc/testsuite/gfortran.dg/fmt_g_default_field_width_3.f90
@@ -0,0 +1,33 @@ 
+! { dg-do compile }
+! { dg-options "-fdec -fno-dec-format-defaults" }
+!
+! Test case for the default field widths not enabled.
+!
+! Test case added by Mark Eggleston <mark.eggleston@codethink.com> to check
+! use of -fno-dec-format-defaults
+!
+
+program test
+    character(50) :: buffer
+
+    real(4) :: real_4
+    real(8) :: real_8
+    real(16) :: real_16
+    integer :: len
+    character(*), parameter :: fmt = "(A, G, A)"
+
+    real_4 = 4.18
+    write(buffer, fmt) ':',real_4,':' ! { dg-error "Positive width required" }
+
+    real_4 = 0.00000018
+    write(buffer, fmt) ':',real_4,':' ! { dg-error "Positive width required" }
+
+    real_4 = 18000000.4
+    write(buffer, fmt) ':',real_4,':' ! { dg-error "Positive width required" }
+
+    real_8 = 4.18
+    write(buffer, fmt) ':',real_8,':' ! { dg-error "Positive width required" }
+
+    real_16 = 4.18
+    write(buffer, fmt) ':',real_16,':' ! { dg-error "Positive width required" }
+end
diff --git a/gcc/testsuite/gfortran.dg/fmt_i_default_field_width_1.f90 b/gcc/testsuite/gfortran.dg/fmt_i_default_field_width_1.f90
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..bb539adf262
--- /dev/null
+++ b/gcc/testsuite/gfortran.dg/fmt_i_default_field_width_1.f90
@@ -0,0 +1,40 @@ 
+! { dg-do run }
+! { dg-options -fdec }
+!
+! Test case for the default field widths enabled by the -fdec-format-defaults flag.
+!
+! This feature is not part of any Fortran standard, but it is supported by the
+! Oracle Fortran compiler and others.
+
+program test
+    character(50) :: buffer
+    character(1) :: colon
+
+    integer(2) :: integer_2
+    integer(4) :: integer_4
+    integer(8) :: integer_8
+    character(*), parameter :: fmt = "(A, I, A)"
+
+    write(buffer, fmt) ':',12340,':'
+    print *,buffer
+    if (buffer.ne.":       12340:") stop 1
+
+    read(buffer, "(1A, I, 1A)") colon, integer_4, colon
+    if ((integer_4.ne.12340).or.(colon.ne.":")) stop 2
+
+    integer_2 = -99
+    write(buffer, fmt) ':',integer_2,':'
+    print *,buffer
+    if (buffer.ne.":    -99:") stop 3
+
+    integer_8 = -11112222
+    write(buffer, fmt) ':',integer_8,':'
+    print *,buffer
+    if (buffer.ne.":              -11112222:") stop 4
+
+! If the width is 7 and there are 7 leading zeroes, the result should be zero.
+    integer_2 = 789
+    buffer = '0000000789'
+    read(buffer, '(I)') integer_2
+    if (integer_2.ne.0) stop 5
+end
diff --git a/gcc/testsuite/gfortran.dg/fmt_i_default_field_width_2.f90 b/gcc/testsuite/gfortran.dg/fmt_i_default_field_width_2.f90
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..1583c23e3e2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/gcc/testsuite/gfortran.dg/fmt_i_default_field_width_2.f90
@@ -0,0 +1,44 @@ 
+! { dg-do run }
+! { dg-options -fdec-format-defaults }
+!
+! Test case for the default field widths enabled by the -fdec-format-defaults flag.
+!
+! This feature is not part of any Fortran standard, but it is supported by the
+! Oracle Fortran compiler and others.
+!
+! Test case added by Mark Eggleston <mark.eggleston@codethink.com> to check
+! use of -fdec-format-defaults
+!
+
+program test
+    character(50) :: buffer
+    character(1) :: colon
+
+    integer(2) :: integer_2
+    integer(4) :: integer_4
+    integer(8) :: integer_8
+    character(*), parameter :: fmt = "(A, I, A)"
+
+    write(buffer, fmt) ':',12340,':'
+    print *,buffer
+    if (buffer.ne.":       12340:") stop 1
+
+    read(buffer, '(A1, I, A1)') colon, integer_4, colon
+    if ((integer_4.ne.12340).or.(colon.ne.":")) stop 2
+
+    integer_2 = -99
+    write(buffer, fmt) ':',integer_2,':'
+    print *,buffer
+    if (buffer.ne.":    -99:") stop 3
+
+    integer_8 = -11112222
+    write(buffer, fmt) ':',integer_8,':'
+    print *,buffer
+    if (buffer.ne.":              -11112222:") stop 4
+
+! If the width is 7 and there are 7 leading zeroes, the result should be zero.
+    integer_2 = 789
+    buffer = '0000000789'
+    read(buffer, '(I)') integer_2
+    if (integer_2.ne.0) stop 5
+end
diff --git a/gcc/testsuite/gfortran.dg/fmt_i_default_field_width_3.f90 b/gcc/testsuite/gfortran.dg/fmt_i_default_field_width_3.f90
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..325190d0dad
--- /dev/null
+++ b/gcc/testsuite/gfortran.dg/fmt_i_default_field_width_3.f90
@@ -0,0 +1,37 @@ 
+! { dg-do compile }
+! { dg-options "-fdec -fno-dec-format-defaults" }
+!
+! Test case for the default field widths enabled by the -fdec-format-defaults flag.
+!
+! This feature is not part of any Fortran standard, but it is supported by the
+! Oracle Fortran compiler and others.
+!
+! Test case added by Mark Eggleston <mark.eggleston@codethink.com> to check
+! use of -fdec-format-defaults
+!
+
+program test
+    character(50) :: buffer
+    character(1) :: colon
+
+    integer(2) :: integer_2
+    integer(4) :: integer_4
+    integer(8) :: integer_8
+    character(*), parameter :: fmt = "(A, I, A)"
+
+    write(buffer, fmt) ':',12340,':' ! { dg-error "Nonnegative width required" }
+
+    read(buffer, '(A1, I, A1)') colon, integer_4, colon ! { dg-error "Nonnegative width required" }
+    if (integer_4.ne.12340) stop 2
+
+    integer_2 = -99
+    write(buffer, fmt) ':',integer_2,':' ! { dg-error "Nonnegative width required" }
+
+    integer_8 = -11112222
+    write(buffer, fmt) ':',integer_8,':' ! { dg-error "Nonnegative width required" }
+
+! If the width is 7 and there are 7 leading zeroes, the result should be zero.
+    integer_2 = 789
+    buffer = '0000000789'
+    read(buffer, '(I)') integer_2 ! { dg-error "Nonnegative width required" }
+end
diff --git a/libgfortran/io/format.c b/libgfortran/io/format.c
index 688764785da..e798d9bda87 100644
--- a/libgfortran/io/format.c
+++ b/libgfortran/io/format.c
@@ -956,12 +956,33 @@  parse_format_list (st_parameter_dt *dtp, bool *seen_dd)
 	  *seen_dd = true;
 	  if (u != FMT_POSINT && u != FMT_ZERO)
 	    {
+	      if (dtp->common.flags & IOPARM_DT_DEC_EXT)
+		{
+		  tail->u.real.w = DEFAULT_WIDTH;
+		  tail->u.real.d = 0;
+		  tail->u.real.e = -1;
+		  fmt->saved_token = u;
+		  break;
+		}
 	      fmt->error = nonneg_required;
 	      goto finished;
 	    }
 	}
+      else if (u == FMT_ZERO)
+	{
+	  fmt->error = posint_required;
+	  goto finished;
+	}
       else if (u != FMT_POSINT)
 	{
+	  if (dtp->common.flags & IOPARM_DT_DEC_EXT)
+	    {
+	      tail->u.real.w = DEFAULT_WIDTH;
+	      tail->u.real.d = 0;
+	      tail->u.real.e = -1;
+	      fmt->saved_token = u;
+	      break;
+	    }
 	  fmt->error = posint_required;
 	  goto finished;
 	}
@@ -1100,6 +1121,13 @@  parse_format_list (st_parameter_dt *dtp, bool *seen_dd)
 	{
 	  if (t != FMT_POSINT)
 	    {
+	      if (dtp->common.flags & IOPARM_DT_DEC_EXT)
+		{
+		  tail->u.integer.w = DEFAULT_WIDTH;
+		  tail->u.integer.m = -1;
+		  fmt->saved_token = t;
+		  break;
+		}
 	      fmt->error = posint_required;
 	      goto finished;
 	    }
@@ -1108,6 +1136,13 @@  parse_format_list (st_parameter_dt *dtp, bool *seen_dd)
 	{
 	  if (t != FMT_ZERO && t != FMT_POSINT)
 	    {
+	      if (dtp->common.flags & IOPARM_DT_DEC_EXT)
+		{
+		  tail->u.integer.w = DEFAULT_WIDTH;
+		  tail->u.integer.m = -1;
+		  fmt->saved_token = t;
+		  break;
+		}
 	      fmt->error = nonneg_required;
 	      goto finished;
 	    }
diff --git a/libgfortran/io/io.h b/libgfortran/io/io.h
index 5caaea280f0..f5e63797ba1 100644
--- a/libgfortran/io/io.h
+++ b/libgfortran/io/io.h
@@ -1011,6 +1011,56 @@  memset4 (gfc_char4_t *p, gfc_char4_t c, int k)
     *p++ = c;
 }
 
+/* Used in width fields to indicate that the default should be used */
+#define DEFAULT_WIDTH -1
+
+/* Defaults for certain format field descriptors. These are decided based on
+ * the type of the value being formatted.
+ *
+ * The behaviour here is modelled on the Oracle Fortran compiler. At the time
+ * of writing, the details were available at this URL:
+ *
+ *   https://docs.oracle.com/cd/E19957-01/805-4939/6j4m0vnc3/index.html#z4000743746d
+ */
+
+static inline int
+default_width_for_integer (int kind)
+{
+  switch (kind)
+    {
+    case 1:
+    case 2:  return  7;
+    case 4:  return 12;
+    case 8:  return 23;
+    case 16: return 44;
+    default: return  0;
+    }
+}
+
+static inline int
+default_width_for_float (int kind)
+{
+  switch (kind)
+    {
+    case 4:  return 15;
+    case 8:  return 25;
+    case 16: return 42;
+    default: return  0;
+    }
+}
+
+static inline int
+default_precision_for_float (int kind)
+{
+  switch (kind)
+    {
+    case 4:  return 7;
+    case 8:  return 16;
+    case 16: return 33;
+    default: return 0;
+    }
+}
+
 #endif
 
 extern void
diff --git a/libgfortran/io/read.c b/libgfortran/io/read.c
index 52ffb4639ac..be9f6cb6f76 100644
--- a/libgfortran/io/read.c
+++ b/libgfortran/io/read.c
@@ -635,6 +635,12 @@  read_decimal (st_parameter_dt *dtp, const fnode *f, char *dest, int length)
 
   w = f->u.w;
 
+  /* This is a legacy extension, and the frontend will only allow such cases
+   * through when -fdec-format-defaults is passed.
+   */
+  if (w == DEFAULT_WIDTH)
+    w = default_width_for_integer (length);
+
   p = read_block_form (dtp, &w);
 
   if (p == NULL)
diff --git a/libgfortran/io/write.c b/libgfortran/io/write.c
index 449b35ff4c8..25005de11c1 100644
--- a/libgfortran/io/write.c
+++ b/libgfortran/io/write.c
@@ -685,9 +685,8 @@  write_l (st_parameter_dt *dtp, const fnode *f, char *source, int len)
   p[wlen - 1] = (n) ? 'T' : 'F';
 }
 
-
 static void
-write_boz (st_parameter_dt *dtp, const fnode *f, const char *q, int n)
+write_boz (st_parameter_dt *dtp, const fnode *f, const char *q, int n, int len)
 {
   int w, m, digits, nzero, nblank;
   char *p;
@@ -720,6 +719,9 @@  write_boz (st_parameter_dt *dtp, const fnode *f, const char *q, int n)
   /* Select a width if none was specified.  The idea here is to always
      print something.  */
 
+  if (w == DEFAULT_WIDTH)
+    w = default_width_for_integer (len);
+
   if (w == 0)
     w = ((digits < m) ? m : digits);
 
@@ -846,6 +848,8 @@  write_decimal (st_parameter_dt *dtp, const fnode *f, const char *source,
 
   /* Select a width if none was specified.  The idea here is to always
      print something.  */
+  if (w == DEFAULT_WIDTH)
+    w = default_width_for_integer (len);
 
   if (w == 0)
     w = ((digits < m) ? m : digits) + nsign;
@@ -1206,13 +1210,13 @@  write_b (st_parameter_dt *dtp, const fnode *f, const char *source, int len)
   if (len > (int) sizeof (GFC_UINTEGER_LARGEST))
     {
       p = btoa_big (source, itoa_buf, len, &n);
-      write_boz (dtp, f, p, n);
+      write_boz (dtp, f, p, n, len);
     }
   else
     {
       n = extract_uint (source, len);
       p = btoa (n, itoa_buf, sizeof (itoa_buf));
-      write_boz (dtp, f, p, n);
+      write_boz (dtp, f, p, n, len);
     }
 }
 
@@ -1227,13 +1231,13 @@  write_o (st_parameter_dt *dtp, const fnode *f, const char *source, int len)
   if (len > (int) sizeof (GFC_UINTEGER_LARGEST))
     {
       p = otoa_big (source, itoa_buf, len, &n);
-      write_boz (dtp, f, p, n);
+      write_boz (dtp, f, p, n, len);
     }
   else
     {
       n = extract_uint (source, len);
       p = otoa (n, itoa_buf, sizeof (itoa_buf));
-      write_boz (dtp, f, p, n);
+      write_boz (dtp, f, p, n, len);
     }
 }
 
@@ -1247,13 +1251,13 @@  write_z (st_parameter_dt *dtp, const fnode *f, const char *source, int len)
   if (len > (int) sizeof (GFC_UINTEGER_LARGEST))
     {
       p = ztoa_big (source, itoa_buf, len, &n);
-      write_boz (dtp, f, p, n);
+      write_boz (dtp, f, p, n, len);
     }
   else
     {
       n = extract_uint (source, len);
       p = gfc_xtoa (n, itoa_buf, sizeof (itoa_buf));
-      write_boz (dtp, f, p, n);
+      write_boz (dtp, f, p, n, len);
     }
 }
 
@@ -1487,7 +1491,7 @@  size_from_kind (st_parameter_dt *dtp, const fnode *f, int kind)
 {
   int size;
 
-  if (f->format == FMT_F && f->u.real.w == 0)
+  if ((f->format == FMT_F && f->u.real.w == 0) || f->u.real.w == DEFAULT_WIDTH)
     {
       switch (kind)
       {
diff --git a/libgfortran/io/write_float.def b/libgfortran/io/write_float.def
index 1e2dee89d83..4a01975d940 100644
--- a/libgfortran/io/write_float.def
+++ b/libgfortran/io/write_float.def
@@ -113,7 +113,8 @@  determine_precision (st_parameter_dt * dtp, const fnode * f, int len)
 static void
 build_float_string (st_parameter_dt *dtp, const fnode *f, char *buffer,
 		    size_t size, int nprinted, int precision, int sign_bit,
-		    bool zero_flag, int npad, char *result, size_t *len)
+		    bool zero_flag, int npad, int default_width, char *result,
+		    size_t *len)
 {
   char *put;
   char *digits;
@@ -132,8 +133,17 @@  build_float_string (st_parameter_dt *dtp, const fnode *f, char *buffer,
   sign_t sign;
 
   ft = f->format;
-  w = f->u.real.w;
-  d = f->u.real.d;
+  if (f->u.real.w == DEFAULT_WIDTH)
+    /* This codepath can only be reached with -fdec-format-defaults. */
+    {
+      w = default_width;
+      d = precision;
+    }
+  else
+    {
+      w = f->u.real.w;
+      d = f->u.real.d;
+    }
   p = dtp->u.p.scale_factor;
   *len = 0;
 
@@ -959,6 +969,11 @@  determine_en_precision (st_parameter_dt *dtp, const fnode *f,
       int save_scale_factor;\
       volatile GFC_REAL_ ## x temp;\
       save_scale_factor = dtp->u.p.scale_factor;\
+      if (w == DEFAULT_WIDTH)\
+	{\
+	  w = default_width;\
+	  d = precision;\
+	}\
       switch (dtp->u.p.current_unit->round_status)\
 	{\
 	  case ROUND_ZERO:\
@@ -1034,7 +1049,8 @@  determine_en_precision (st_parameter_dt *dtp, const fnode *f,
 	  nprinted = FDTOA(y,precision,m);\
 	}\
       build_float_string (dtp, &newf, buffer, size, nprinted, precision,\
-				   sign_bit, zero_flag, npad, result, res_len);\
+				   sign_bit, zero_flag, npad, default_width,\
+				   result, res_len);\
       dtp->u.p.scale_factor = save_scale_factor;\
     }\
   else\
@@ -1044,7 +1060,8 @@  determine_en_precision (st_parameter_dt *dtp, const fnode *f,
       else\
 	nprinted = DTOA(y,precision,m);\
       build_float_string (dtp, f, buffer, size, nprinted, precision,\
-				   sign_bit, zero_flag, npad, result, res_len);\
+				   sign_bit, zero_flag, npad, default_width,\
+				   result, res_len);\
     }\
 }\
 
@@ -1058,6 +1075,16 @@  get_float_string (st_parameter_dt *dtp, const fnode *f, const char *source,
 {
   int sign_bit, nprinted;
   bool zero_flag;
+  int default_width = 0;
+
+  if (f->u.real.w == DEFAULT_WIDTH)
+    /* This codepath can only be reached with -fdec-format-defaults. The default
+     * values are based on those used in the Oracle Fortran compiler.
+     */
+    {
+      default_width = default_width_for_float (kind);
+      precision = default_precision_for_float (kind);
+    }
 
   switch (kind)
     {
-- 
2.11.0